Foreign relations of Finland - Wikipedia
The European Union's relations with Russia are, from Finland's point of view, a key external policy issue, and one where Finland has both important interests at. How Finland is represented in the different EU institutions, how much money it gives and receives, its political system and trade figures. its consent to Åland's membership of the EU. Åland's relationship with the Union is regulated in a protocol containing special provisions for purchasing of real.
This underlines the partial role that the elections played in the pre-run-up to the national parliamentary elections. The deepening or lessening of the integration of the European Union was also a topic in party campaigns, with moderate eurosceptic themes raised primarily by the populist opposition Finns Party.
However, the confrontation between pro- and anti-integration turned out to be mild, with the Finns Party softening their previously sharper criticism.
Finland – EU Watch
The Finns Party rose to their current political position with a landslide victory in the parliamentary elections with euroscepticism as one of their key themes, becoming the third largest party in the Finnish parliament.
This is seen as a move to make the party a more likely partner in the government after the next parliamentary elections in Finland. Other major parties which gravitated towards eurosceptic policies in order to please the voters they had lost to the Finns Party after the parliamentary elections, have mainly reverted to pro-European lines.
In addition to the Finns Party, there were also a couple of smaller parties with more aggressive eurosceptic and nationalistic agendas that had candidates running in the European Parliamentary elections, but they remained too small to sway public opinion significantly. In other respects, the Finnish political parties are mainly pro-European. While the government parties, especially the National Coalition, have previously fared well in the European parliamentary elections in Finland, in this election some of the parties in government were clearly punished by voters.
The National Coalition Party consequently managed to retain their three seats, probably thanks to their pro-European supporter base, which is more likely to vote in the European elections and less inclined to use them as a protest arena.
Overt alliance with Germany was not possible due to the result of the First World War, but in general the period of to was characterised by economic growth and increasing integration to the Western world economy. Relations with Soviet Russia from to were icy; voluntary expeditions to Russia called heimosodat ended only infour years after the conclusion of the Finnish Civil War.
However, attempts to establish military alliances were unsuccessful. Thus, when the Winter War broke out, Finland was left alone to resist the Soviet attack.
Later, during the Continuation WarFinland declared "co-belligerency" with Nazi Germany, and allowed Northern Finland to be used as a German attack base.
The peace settlement in with the Soviet Union led to the Lapland War inwhere Finland fought Germans in northern finland From the end of the Continuation War with the Soviet Union in untilthe policy was to avoid superpower conflicts and to build mutual confidence with the Western powers and the Soviet Union.
Although the country was culturally, socially, and politically Western, Finns realised they had to live in peace with the USSR and take no action that might be interpreted as a security threat.
The dissolution of the Soviet Union in opened up dramatic new possibilities for Finland and has resulted in the Finns actively seeking greater participation in Western political and economic structures.
With EU membership, Finland finally punches above its weight
The popular support for the strictly self-defensive doctrine remains. However, because the constitution still stipulates only that the President leads foreign policy and the government internal policy, the responsibility over European Union affairs is not explicitly resolved.
Implicitly this belongs to the powers of the government. In a cohabitation situation as with Matti Vanhanen 's recent second government right-wing government and left-wing President Tarja Halonenthere can be friction between government ministers and the president. The arrangement has been criticised by Risto E.
Finland joined the United Nations in and the European Union in