What determines the relationship between a lord and vassal

What was the relationship between the lord and vassal in the feudal system

what determines the relationship between a lord and vassal

The relationship between lord and vassal was determined by rules of feudalism. The term, feudalism, is not very well defined, and there is no single set of laws. The king/queen had total power over all the assets and determined how much land he would provide his lords and vassals. The monarchs were expected to. Vassal: Vassal, in feudal society, one invested with a fief in return for services to an overlord. Some vassals did not have fiefs and lived at their lord's court as his.

This social settling process also received impetus in fundamental changes in the conduct of warfare. As co-ordinated cavalry superseded disorganized infantryarmies became more expensive to maintain. A vassal needed economic resources to equip the cavalry he was bound to contribute to his lord to fight his frequent wars.

Such resources, in the absence of a money economy, came only from land and its associated assets, which included peasants as well as wood and water. Difference between "vassalage" and "vassal state"[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources.

  • Feudalism - Further Readings
  • Feudalism and Medieval life

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The zend graves constantly had to travel to the gentlemen. They could make laws and were allowed to check if these laws were implemented.

This did not work always.

what determines the relationship between a lord and vassal

There were always parts of the country where the count could not assert his power. The main parts were the monasteries.

The relationship between Lord and vassal

The monks who lived here had only to obey the Pope. The market had to dig the border of the Empire. You notice that the emperor actually had little power yet. He had all his power from the hands to the gentlemen, which their power back from hands had given to the vassals. The vassals saw the country they had been often on loan as property. They gave the country therefore also after their death to their children.

Also the gentlemen did this.

what determines the relationship between a lord and vassal

The country became increasingly fragmented. The lands were seen as small fiefdoms where the Emperor nothing more about had to say. The graves apparently did their work so not as good, because the gentlemen made their own laws and determined the taxes for their people. Before feudalism, the European population consisted only of wealthy nobility and poor peasants.

Little incentive existed for personal loyalty to sovereign rulers. Land was owned outright by nobility, and those who held land for lords held it purely at the lords' will.

what determines the relationship between a lord and vassal

Nevertheless, the feudal framework was preceded by similar systems, so its exact origin is disputed by scholars. Ancient Romans, and Germanic tribes in the eighth century, gave land to warriors, but unlike land grants under feudalism, these were not hereditary.

what determines the relationship between a lord and vassal

In the early ninth century, control of Europe was largely under the rule of one man, Emperor Charlemagne — After Charlemagne's death, his descendants warred over land ownership, and Europe fell apart into thousands of seigniories, or kingdoms run by a sovereign lord. Men in the military service of lords began to press for support in the late ninth century, especially in France.

Lords acquiesced, realizing the importance of a faithful military.

Lords Mobile: New Overlord and Base Benefits

Military men, or knights, began to receive land, along with peasants for farmwork. Eventually, knights demanded that their estates be hereditary. Other persons in the professional service of royalty also began to demand and receive hereditary fiefs, and thus began the reign of feudalism. InWilliam the Conqueror invaded England from France and spread the feudal framework across the land. The feudal relationship between lord and vassal became the linchpin of English society.

To become a vassal was no disgrace.

what determines the relationship between a lord and vassal

Vassals held an overall status superior to that of peasants and were considered equal to lords in social status. They took leadership positions in their locality and also served as advisers for lords in feudal courts. The price of a vassal's power was allegiance to the lord, or fealty.

The relationship between Lord and vassal

Fealty carried with it an obligation of service, the most common form being knight service. A vassal under knight service was obliged to defend the fief from invasion and fight for a specified number of days in an offensive war.

In wartime, knight service also called for guard duty at the lord's castle for a specified period of time. In lieu of military service, some vassals were given socage, or tenure in exchange for the performance of a variety of duties. These duties were usually agricultural, but they could take on other forms, such as personal attendance to the lord. Other vassals were given scutage, in which the vassal agreed to pay money in lieu of military service.