Relationship between periodontal disease and osteoporosis

Relationship between periodontal disease and osteoporosis.

relationship between periodontal disease and osteoporosis

PDF | Some studies suggest that females with osteoporosis are at an increased risk of periodontal attachment loss and tooth loss; however. PDF | Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease characterized by reduction in bone mass and micro architectural changes in the bone, which leads to increased bone. Osteoporosis leads to bone mass reduction while periodontal disease causes plausibility of the association between periodontal disease and osteoporosis.

Road, TaichungTaiwan e-mail: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, where it is permissible to download, share and reproduce the work in any medium, provided it is properly cited.

The work cannot be used commercially. Abstract Periodontitis and osteoporosis are primary concerns in public health and clinical management.

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between periodontitis and osteoporosis by gender.

relationship between periodontal disease and osteoporosis

A diagnosis of periodontitis was defined on the basis of subgingival curettage, periodontal flap operation, and gingivectomy excluding those with restorative or aesthetic indications.

Multiple logistic regression was used for analysis. After adjusting for age, sex, income, and geographical region, there was a significant association between periodontitis and osteoporosis among women odds ratio: When periodontal tissue destruction and alveolar bone loss happen, it is called periodontitis [ 1112 ].

Periodontal disease and periodontal pathogen have been linked to several systemic diseases [ 10 ]. There are many factors mentioned as periodontal risk factors such as gender, [ 11 ] tobacco use, diabetes and nutrition [ 13 ], body mass index [BMI] [ 14 ], socioeconomic status and access to dental care [ 15 ].

Association Between Periodontal Disease and Osteoporosis by Gender

By the way, it seems that some systemic conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, preterm birth, osteoporosis, respiratory disease and systemic infections are related to the periodontal status [ 16 — 23 ]. Recently, some studies have reported an association between osteoporosis and bone loss in periodontal diseases. Discussions about the association between these two bone-damaging diseases began in But some of the literature concluded that osteoporosis in human organs has no effect on the maxilla and mandible density.

The aim of this study is to review the articles assessing the relationship between osteoporosis and periodontitis. These terms were as follows: Periodontal disease and osteoporosis Periodontal disease and body mass index Periodontal disease and osteopenia Periodontal disease and reduction in bone density Periodontal disease and body bone fracture Step 2.

Association between periodontal disease and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women in jordan.

Then the terms were searched separately. In this step, articles for periodontal disease and osteoporosis terms, articles for periodontal disease and body mass index, articles for periodontal disease and osteopenia terms, 80 articles for periodontal disease and reduction in bone density terms and finally 18 articles for periodontal disease and body bone fracture terms were found.

The titles of articles were reviewed and the appropriate ones were selected. In this step, articles were selected. Reviewing the abstracts and selecting the articles based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

In this step, 17 articles were selected. Inclusion criteria were all the articles which directly evaluated the relation between periodontal disease and osteoporosis. Exclusion criteria were as follows: Studies which did not directly evaluate the relation between periodontal disease and osteoporosis.

Studies that were in the form of case series and case reports. Studies that examined fewer than 10 patients. Reviewing the full text of the 17 selected articles and extracting relevant information.

relationship between periodontal disease and osteoporosis

To categorize data, the included studies were ranked according to their design and sample size. This is a limitation of the case-control study design.

Association Between Periodontal Disease and Osteoporosis by Gender

Conclusion This comprehensive literature review demonstrates the possible association between postmenopausal osteoporosis and periodontal disease: Four reasonable hypotheses for these results include destructive lifestyle risk factors, susceptible genetic factors, increased production of inflammatory mediators and less initial BMD in both systemic and oral bones. Demonstration of a relationship between osteoporosis and periodontal disease is complex because both are multifactorial diseases sharing multiple risk factors.

Specific criteria have not been established, as evidenced by the fact that 21 different assessments in a variety of combinations had been used in the studies of this review. Because these different outcome measures influence the definition of periodontal disease, determining whether periodontal disease is associated with osteoporosis may not currently be feasible. A precise measurement of periodontal disease is needed to validate investigations on this topic.

Based on the findings of this study, cross-communication and patient referral between medical and dental professionals are recommended to improve the health of the postmenopausal public.