Ideology, Discourse, and Cultural Studies: The Contribution of Michel Pêcheux. relationships (realized in substitution effects, paraphrases, synonym . for Pêcheux the effectivity of hegemonic ideology is to be characterized as the " winning. Examples of student discourse are used to demonstrate a discourse-related of the educational practice by sustaining hegemony and various ideologies. a synonym for culture in general, or contracted so that it refers only to a single epithet.2 Those committed to the historical study of ideology, and certainly statements fully as significant as any discourse in the written or spoken language ) . eighteenth century, the relationship between the two domains is a major issue.
Basically worked on literature.
Presentation on relationship between Discourse and Ideology | Saman Ali - index-art.info
According to him writers impose an ideology through writings upon readers in an implicit way. He gave a theory on literature. What can be said and what cannot. Dismissive of Marxism a single truth or science.
Dismissive of Marxist conception of ideology as standing in the way of something which is true. So, ideology just says that you are University students gaining a degree to job.
A discourse can say that you can be black, white, working class, upper class etc.
Multiple identities, which is a good thing. Butdiscourse also provides a structure for how we behave and what we discuss. Where there is a power, there is always a resistance. They started thinking that Muslims are terrorists. How people use language to make meanings?Definition of Hegemony with examples
To investigate how do people make meanings? How do people exploit language to make meanings? The creation of the topic, what can be said and what cannot. Aims at bringing a kind of change in society.
Ideology is an instrument of social transformation. Logic plays a vital role. Individual in thought and concept. Refers to debate or oral explanation of some phenomenon or principles. Aims at making people understand certain dogmas and underlying principles of science and religion. An instrument of social awakening. Logic does not play a vital role but psychology does. Explains what a person has said about a phenomenon.
There can be a discourse on Theory of Relativity based on ideology of Albert Einstein. Rhetorical devices are used.
Glittering generalities are used. The Panopticon has became the metaphor for the processes whereby disciplinary 'technologies', together with the emergence of a normative social science, 'police' both the mind and body of the modern individual see Dreyfus and Rabinow,p.
Power, in Weedon's interpretation of Foucault is: Power is exercised within discourses in the ways in which they constitute and govern individual subjects p. Foucault's focus is upon questions of how some discourses have shaped and created meaning systems that have gained the status and currency of 'truth', and dominate how we define and organize both ourselves and our social world, whilst other alternative discourses are marginalised and subjugated, yet potentially 'offer' sites where hegemonic practices can be contested, challenged and 'resisted'.
He has looked specifically at the social construction of madness, punishment and sexuality. In Foucault's view, there is no fixed and definitive structuring of either social or personal identity or practices, as there is in a socially determined view in which the subject is completely socialized.
Rather, both the formation of identities and practices are related to, or are a function of, historically specific discourses. An understanding of how these and other discursive constructions are formed may open the way for change and contestation.
Foucault developed the concept of the 'discursive field' as part of his attempt to understand the relationship between language, social institutions, subjectivity and power. Discursive fields, such as the law or the family, contain a number of competing and contradictory discourses with varying degrees of power to give meaning to and organize social institutions and processes.
They also 'offer' a range of modes of subjectivity Weedon,p.