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In nonparty elections to the National Panchayat in Mayagain in the face of a major party boycott, a majority of the incumbents were defeated, and Marich Man Singh Shrestha became prime minister.
Land and climate
Most new members were opponents of the panchayat system, foreshadowing a new struggle between the king and his legislators. By earlythe NC and the United Leftist Front ULFa Communist alliance of seven parties, again went to the streets, organizing agitations that forced the king to make further constitutional changes in April; included were an end to the ban on political parties and their activities.
The king dissolved the National Panchayat and appointed NC president Krishna Prasad Bhattarai interim prime minister, who was assisted by a cabinet made up of members of the NC, the ULF, independents, and royal appointees. A Constitutional Reforms Commission produced a new constitution in November that ended the panchayat era and restored multiparty democracy in a constitutional monarchy.
In Maythe first openly partisan elections in 32 years were held, resulting in an NC majority in the new House of Representatives which chose Girija Prasad Koirala as prime minister. As of DecemberKoirala had held the office of prime minister four times in his career. On 1 Junethe former Crown Prince Dipendra Bir Bikram killed most of the royal family with an assault rifle as they sat around a dinner table.
Although many theories circulated as to the motive for the killings, it is generally accepted that he turned against his family because his mother did not approve of a young woman as his choice of bride. He then shot himself in the head. Dipendra was anointed king while in a coma; two days later he died, and his uncle, Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, was named king. In addition to the slayings, Nepal has been embroiled in civil war. Ina "people's war" was launched by several Maoist organizations in the central-western hill districts of Nepal.
The Maoists' aims are the removal of the constitutional monarchy and the eradication of rural poverty. As of Decembermore than 12, people had been killed in the fighting.
They are led by Chhabi Lal Dahal, or "Prachanda," who is seen by his followers as charismatic and by his enemies as fanatical. In Julythe Maoists came into direct combat with the Nepalese army for the first time, and stepped up their campaign of violence. Koirala, who was prime minister at the time, resigned after losing support from his ruling coalition, and alluded to the violence as a reason why the country needed to work for national consensus.
Sher Bahadur Deuba became prime minister. In Novemberafter more than people were killed in four days of violence, the king called a State of Emergency.
The emergency measures restricted freedom of the pressas well as freedom of assembly, expression and movement. Suspects could be detained for three weeks without charges. In April, more than people were killed in two of the most serious attacks of the rebellion, and the Maoists ordered a five-day national strike. Parliament was dissolved on 22 May, and national elections were scheduled for 13 November.
In October, Prime Minister Deuba asked the king to put off the national elections for a year due to the mounting Maoist violence. King Gyanendra dismissed him and indefinitely put off the elections. Lokendra Bahadur Chand was appointed interim prime minister until elections were held and Surya Bahadur Thapa was elected prime minister in However former Prime Minister Deuba was later reinstated as prime minister in In the cease-fire that had existed between the Maoist rebels and the government collapsed.
The killings increased on both sides with the Maoist rebels assassinating government officials, usually at the local level, bombing and attacking Indian-owned establishments. The government officially invited the Maoists to negotiate again inbut the rebels refused. In the area of foreign policy, Nepal has remained generally nonaligned, maintaining friendly relations with China and with India, despite efforts to minimize traditional Indian influence and the occasional clash of policies on matters relating to trade.
InNepal signed an agreement with China which had earlier absorbed Tibet defining the boundary between the two countries along the traditional watershed. Nepal was uninvolved in the hostilities between India and China on portions of the border to the east and west of Nepal. One result of this conflict however, was India's occupation of Kalapani, a border region of northwestern Nepal which, as ofwas still a matter of dispute with India.
The refugee issue of someBhutanese in Nepal remained unresolved as of December as well as the many Tibetan exiles who have crossed the border from China. The Nepalese economy is characterized by being highly dependent on international aid and having few export options clothing, carpets and leather goodsalthough the tourist industry had resurged prior to the State of Emergency.
Nepal also has pursued friendly relations with the great powers and has been the recipient of economic aid from India, the United Statesthe former USSRand the World Bank. The National Council has 60 members, 35 of whom are elected by the House of Representatives. The National Council members included three elected women as of Suffrage is universal at 18 years of age. The National Council is a permanent body, retiring one-third of its members every two years in elections that take place in May of even-numbered years.
The king appoints 10 of the 60 members in the National Council.
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The remaining 15 members are selected by an electoral college. In Mayparliament was dissolved, and elections were scheduled for 13 November of that year. However, King Gyanendra removed his prime minister who had called for a postponement of national elections for a year due to mounting Maoist violence. King Gyanendra subsequently indefinitely postponed the elections, which, as of Decemberhad not been held. Nepal's supreme court chief justice is appointed by the king on recommendation of the Constitutional Council.
Corruption is seen to be endemic in Nepal and government institutions had all but broken down in rural areas as of The government suppresses speech that might undermine the monarchy, interethnic or intercaste relations or national security. Internet access to Maoist websites is censored, but otherwise allowed. Both the government and the Maoist rebels have been accused of increasing human rights violations after the insurgency in Nepal has the highest number of unexplained political disappearances worldwide.
Maoists have enacted their own judicial system within their jurisdiction termed "people's government". The Maoists are accused of recruiting, as well as abducting, children to be used as soldiers. International organizations estimate that several hundred thousand Nepalese have been displaced due to the Maoist insurgency.
The Maoist insurgency has also drastically reduced Nepalese tourism which was once a major source of revenue for the government. For development purposes, the country is also divided into five regions by geography Eastern, Central, Western, Mid-Western, and Far-Westerneach of which serves also as a parliamentary constituency, electing three members of the lower house.
Nepal is a majority Hindu country and, although against the law, discrimination due to caste is widespread. The dalits, or untouchables, caste is routinely discriminated against through violence and socio-economic exclusion.
Organized gangs traffic between 5,—12, Nepalese women a year to India to work in brothels. The majority who return are HIV positive and are also strongly discriminated against. Parties were legalized in and now operate freely in Nepal's multiparty constitutional monarchy. Nepal does not allow party formation along ethnic, caste, religious, tribal or regional lines. The main party through Nepal's modern history—providing nearly all of the country's prime ministers even when the ban on parties prohibited party activity—is the Nepali Congress Party NC.
Inspired by the socialist wing of the Indian National Congress and founded by the Koirala brothers, M. Most of its leaders were imprisoned during the s, but with Indian help, the party operated from India, mounting hit-and-run attacks and maintaining an underground presence in Nepal. The NC leadership led the opposition to King Mahendra's tiered panchayat system of indirect government.
Although NC leaders called for a boycott of the May elections to the National Panchayat, 1, candidates ran for office, and only 40 of the previously elected members retained their seats. The communist movement in Nepal has been severely fragmented for years by personal and ideological schisms, some of them occasioned by splits and the loss of orthodoxy in the communist movement worldwide in the s and s. Operating for electoral and agitational purposes in the s as the United Leftist Front ULFthe Communist Party CPN and its several communist allies have since split, fragmenting the movement into a number of splinter parties but leaving the CPN, now reassembled as the United Marxist-Leninists UML as the leading opposition party in the parliament.
The latest elections to the House of Representatives were held on 3 and 17 May Elections scheduled to be held on 13 November were indefinitely postponed by the king. Under the panchayat reforms introduced inthe country was divided into 14 zones, which in turn were divided into 75 districts.
The zones were directly administered by commissioners appointed by the central government, and the zonal panchayats were executive bodies elected from the member panchayats at the district level, the members of which were in turn selected from village and town panchayats. Each of the 3, villages with populations of more than 2, and each of the 33 towns with populations over 10, also had an member panchayat, as well as its own local assembly. In Aprilthe partyless panchayat system was abolished as a result of a people's movement organized by the Nepali Congress Party and several leftist parties.
However, the country remains divided into 14 zones headed by appointed commissioners and 75 districts under the charge of district officers responsible for law and order, collecting revenues, and setting development priorities. The districts are further divided into smaller units—into municipalities and village development committees VDC.
At present, there are 3, VDCs and 58 municipalities in the country. A VDC consists of 9 wards and the municipalities consist from 9 to 35 wards. Municipalities and VDCs are directly elected. Ina royal decentralization ordinance was enacted that allowed for increased political participation by women.
This election resulted in approximately 32, local government seats in Nepal held by women. However, due to lack of knowledge, skills and education needed to carry out their responsibilities, arguments ensued amongst representatives against the mandatory percentage afforded to women.
The court is composed of a chief justice, assisted usually by six other judges, with seven additional judges in reserve; all are appointed by the king.
The Supreme Court is the court of last resort, but the king may grant pardons and suspend, commute or remit sentences of any court. There are separate military courts which generally deal only with military personnel. Inthe supreme court ruled that civilians may not be tried in the military courts. In Aprilthe supreme court appointed its first female judge. The constitution declared the independence of the judiciary.
The supreme court has exercised considerable independence in practice, declaring provisions of the Citizenship Act of and parts of the Labor Act of unconstitutional. In the constitutional court also ruled that the dissolution of the parliament at the request of a former primer minister was unconstitutional. The constitution affords a number of procedural safeguards for criminal defendants including the right to counsel and protection from double jeopardy and from retroactive application of laws.
Although the judiciary remains, the monarch holds ultimate power, which can be seen in the decree forbidding news media from criticizing the King. While the State of Emergency was formally lifted on 29 Aprilhuman rights organizations maintain that many freedoms have yet to be restored.
There are many reports of torture, execution and disappearances attributed to both the official government as well as the Maoists rebels. There is no jury system. Special tribunals hear cases involving terrorism or treason under a treason act. The service's primary weapon systems included 40 reconnaissance vehicles, 40 armored personnel carriers and over 95 artillery pieces The Army also had a small air wing of personnel with no combat aircraft.
Its air fleet was made up of 2 fixed wing transports, 7 support, and 5 utility helicopters. Nepal also had a paramilitary force of 62, which consisted of an armed police force of 15, under the Ministry of Home Affairs, and a regular police force of 47, The United Kingdom maintained a small military presence in Nepal involved in the recruitment and training of gurkha troops. Nepalese troops were stationed in 11 countries or regions as UN peacekeepers. Under separate treaty arrangements going back togurkhas of the same mountain stock especially Magars, Gurungs, Rais, and Limpus are recruited in Nepal by Great Britain and, sinceby the Republic of India.
Under British and Indian flags, and with arms, training, and officers provided by their foreign recruiters, gurkhas are among the world's most renowned fighting men with extensive service in all parts of the globe in both world wars and several UN actions of this century. Nepal is a member of the Nonaligned Movement. The country has offered support to UN missions and operations in Kosovo est.
Eight development plans, extending from tohave slowly built up the nation's infrastructure. Nevertheless, the industrial sector is still small and dominated by traditional handicrafts, spinning and weaving, and similar occupations.
Nepal's economic potential is by no means insignificant. The principal challenge for the Nepalese is to provide for a rising and unequally distributed population and to achieve material progress without irrevocably depleting the environmental resource base. Structural adjustment measures initiated in have reduced the regulation of industry and imports, and are supported by similar liberalization in India, to which Nepal's economy is closely tied.
However, aggregate economic growth remained sluggish during the early s. Gross domestic product growth declined from 4. The GDP growth rate was negative in The inflation rate has been fluctuating, but at 2. Despite encouraging economic growth rates, Nepal remains one of the poorest countries in the world, land-locked, with a poor infrastructure, and meager connections to outside markets.
The CIA defines GDP as the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year and computed on the basis of purchasing power parity PPP rather than value as measured on the basis of the rate of exchange based on current dollars.
The annual growth rate of GDP was estimated at 2. The average inflation rate in was 2. Household consumption includes expenditures of individuals, households, and nongovernmental organizations on goods and services, excluding purchases of dwellings.
LABOR In the latest years for which data was available, as ofNepal's labor force was estimated to number 11 million. Most agriculturists are peasant farmers, and there are many wage laborers, but only in the peak seasons. There is a severe lack of skilled labor. Among some tribes, women do most of the farm work, while in others, especially among strict Hindus, they do no farming at all.
Many occupations are effectively restricted to certain castes, although the practice has been declared illegal. Unions are allowed to organize and strike. The three largest trade unions are associated with political parties, but the government does not restrict union activity. However, the right of a union to strike is limited to nonessential services. Minimum wage rates and working conditions in the small industrial sector are set by the Nepal Factories and Factory Workers' Act ofas amended.
The law establishes a minimum employment age of 16 years in industry and 14 years in agriculture. Regional imbalance and lack of integration also hamper Nepal's agriculture. Lack of transportation and storage facilities prevents the movement of food grains from the Terai to the hills, with the result that Nepal both exports and imports the same food items.
Some of the arable land is still held free of taxation by a few large landowners and farmed by tenants, whose productivity is low. The government has officially abolished tax-free estates birtaeliminated the feudal form of land tenure jagiraset a limit on landholdings, and redistributed the extra land to farm tenants. Its economic plans also include the use of fertilizers, insecticides, improved seeds, and better implements; the extension of irrigation; and the construction of transportation and storage facilities.
Inrice production totaled 4, tons. The output of wheat in was 1, tons; millet,tons; and barley, 30, tons. Cash crops with output included sugarcane, 2, tons; potatoes, 1, tons; mustard seed,tons; linseed, 6, tons; jute, 6, tons; and tobacco, 3, tons. Sugarcane, jute, and tobacco are the major raw materials for Nepal's own industries. Potatoes are grown in Ilam and fruit mainly in Dharan, Dhankuta, and Pokhara.
Tea is also grown in Ilam and elsewhere. In farm work, bullocks and asses are largely used. Herds of yaks, cows, and their hybrids, zobos, are grazed in the central valley and to some extent along the borders of the foothill jungles. A few hogs usually are kept on the larger farms.
Sheep and goats are used for food and also as pack animals, particularly in the distribution of salt over the trade routes; the sheep also supply a valuable type of wool. InNepal had an estimated 6, head of cattle, 4, water buffalo, sheep, 7, goats, andhogs.
There were about Traditionally, butter and cheese are among the leading exports of Nepal. Livestock products in included an estimatedtons of cow's milk, 20, tons of butter and ghee, and tons of wool greasy basis. In the Terai are many small fish ponds and several government fish farms. Common fish species are carp, gar, and murrel. Timber cutting has been contracted out to private firms. Inthe government established a department of medicinal plants to encourage Nepal's commercially important herb exports.
There is also a royal research laboratory for drug analysis. Mining and quarrying was dominated by the production of cement, red claycoallimestone, magnesite, and marble. Incement production totaledmetric tons, while red clay output came to 29, metric tons. Coal output that same year bituminous and lignite totaled 10, metric tons, while limestone production totaledmetric tons.
Inthe country also produced quartz, quartzite, salt, talc, and tourmaline. A lead and zinc deposit near Lari had reserves of two million tons, and there were known deposits of iron, copper, graphite, cobalt, mica, and slate.
Development plans included the encouragement of small-scale mining, and provided for continuing mineral surveys. InNepal's imports of refined petroleum products averaged 15, barrels per day, while demand in that year averaged 15, barrels per year. Although there were no recorded imports of natural gas inNepal did importshort tons of coal, and did produce 13, tons of bituminous coal.
The bulk of Nepal's electricity is hydroelectric. Inelectric generating capacity totaled 0. The remaining capacity was dedicated to conventional thermal sources.
Electric power output in totaled 2. Demand for electricity in totaled 2. Nationally certified as a massage therapist and bodyworker, she practices at her own studio, Kaizen Healing Arts, in downtown Ann Arbor. She owns Spirit Moves, a private healing arts practice in Ann Arbor. Tanya also studies partner yoga, contact improvisation, and devotional singing, which greatly influence her Thai Yoga Healing practice.
Therapists use hands, elbows, forearms, and even knees and feet to deliver techniques, and massage is performed while the receiver is fully clothed and at first lying down, then sitting on the floor. The therapist moves the receiver through a number of different positions in the course of the bodywork, making it seem almost dance-like, according to Tupko.
Tupko emphasizes that the Blue Lotus program teaches not only Thai Bodywork but also uses meditation, breathwork and other self-care and self-understanding techniques that improve the health and well being of the practitioner, while increasing their ability to provide this type of treatment effectively.
More information about the program is available at www. Blue Lotus Thai Healing Studies can be reached at or a2bluelotusthai gmail.
CW Journal Issue 52
For a few years, she used her time to care for her grandchildren, but eventually she felt the children needed the interaction of other kids through day care, and that she needed something fulfilling to keep herself occupied. Not just any job would do, and Dargan wanted to use her considerable experience and skills to do something she was passionate about. Another grant funded suspended walkways in a summer camp for handicapped children.
Because of the walkways, the children can explore much more of the beautiful wetland areas. Dargan works mainly with non-profit organizations, but will consider working with for-profit businesses if they provide something she feels that people need, such as the arts, humor, or massage therapy.
She is also putting together a curriculum for teaching others to write grants, which she says will be ready in fall or winter Nancy Dargan can be reached by email at nancy. The practice specializes in customized herbal formulas, supported with acupuncture, medical massage, Chinese nutritional consultation, and therapeutic exercise.
He is also a Registered Acupuncturist and a certified instructor of the energy arts taiji, bagua, and qigong. Robbins says his journey in natural medicine began while he attended Community High School in Ann Arbor in the s, where he took taiji classes. He also attended classes in wild edible and medicinal plants at Matthaei Botanical Gardens.
Emily Presley and Heirloom Healing Arts can be contacted at or at emilypresley gmail. More information is available online at emilypresley. Sweet Sweat is a chemical-free, unscented, gluten-free deodorant that Metler has found to be more effective than anything else currently available. Metler explains that she had been re-applying regular deodorant up to three times a day and still having problems with odor.
Concerned with the possible toxic and carcinogenic effects of aluminum and chemicals found in deodorants, as well as their ineffectiveness, she began searching for an alternative. Metler scoured the Internet for solutions and began formulating her own deodorant, finally coming up with a simple recipe consisting of just a few natural ingredients: Robbins often helps patients who are dissatisfied with their current medical treatment or want to avoid drugs or surgery by trying traditional medicinal methods first.
This method is not painful or damaging, and can be much more palatable than a painful manual manipulation of the baby.
Nourishing Life Wellness maintains an extensive herbal dispensary, which includes local wildcrafted herbs. Robbins says that many conditions can be treated with herbs, including depression, anxiety, insomnia, menstrual problems, allergies, high blood pressure, digestive problems, infertility, colds and flu, and more. Joel Robbins can be reached at or at NourishingLifeWellness gmail. The practice consists of oneon-one massage and energy healing, along with workshops on trauma healing and stress release.
She is trained in craniosacral therapy and Reiki, and integrates a number of techniques into her bodywork. The stress and trauma relief techniques she teaches are a part of this legacy. Presley is certified through Capacitar International, an organization that trains practitioners in a program of energy-based healing practices.
Sweet Sweat does not prevent sweating commercial deodorants use aluminum to literally clog the sweat glands to achieve this goal, with some effectivenessbut Metler says she has noticed some decrease in sweat with use of the product. She notes that the body needs to sweat and interference with this natural process is likely harmful in itself. Metler says she now only applies a small amount of Sweet Sweat once daily and never has problems with odor any more.
Currently, Metler makes the deodorants herself at home. A few natural health stores in California, New York, and Kalamazoo carry it, and more are planned in the future. A recent breakthrough in the formula eliminated melting of the product at high temperatures, thus increasing its shelf life stability and shipping ability. Metler currently works as a substitute teacher, and looks forward to being able to make Sweet Sweat her full-time work.
Sweet Sweat can be ordered online at sweetsweat. Debra Metler can be contacted at debmetler gmail. McCurdy has been practicing Reiki for approximately 10 years. During the pregnancy, my hormones were way off and I was depressed.
The doctors wanted to put me on an antidepressant, but I refused. I released so much during the pregnancy on an emotional level. I went a couple times a week and was happily surprised and impressed by the results. McCurdy started by working on friends and family. They, and her other clients, have reported great healing results. My year-old son has had some heart problems, as well as baseball and hockey injuries, to the point where he would not be able to play the next day.
I incorporate her affirmations into the Reiki session, allowing the person to heal physically and emotionally. Before and after each session, McCurdy also offers clients the opportunity to choose an angel card for a short reading. McCurdy also has experience with helping people through divorce and abandonment, and will email the client to provide support when they are going through an emotional time.
This is why I work out of my home — to provide a safe, loving environment for my clients, to allow the healing in. Stohl also offers energy work, nutrition information, and spiritual guidance for individuals interested in those forms of support. Stohl has had training in homeopathy and recognizes the connection of the physical body to the mind and spirit as part of a whole that must be addressed for healing to occur — which is why, in addition to psychotherapy, she uses body-based trauma release techniques.
She is particularly interested in helping women to heal from trauma and abuse and to fully stand in their power. Her website is at www. Sacred Body offers multiple styles of yoga, dance, movement, and meditation classes, at various times throughout the day, seven days a week.
In this way, we return to the original yogi traditions. Many teachers also offer private sessions and their own form of bodywork or healing. Sacred Body holds workshops and retreats hosted by guest practitioners as well. More information is available at www. McCurdy explains that she uses affirmations positive statements on various parts of the body during the Reiki session. If you would like to submit information to be considered for this column, please email communitynews crazywisdom.
The firm deadline for submissions for the next issue January thru April is November 1, Your body was born with an innate ability to heal. It just has to be reminded how. BodyTalk is a revolutionary new process for teaching the body how to heal. Call me today to begin to re-energize your healing abilities.
Although serotonin affects the mind, and is targeted by some types of anti-depressants, the majority of serotonin is produced in the gut and is essential for digestive function. Because of the relationship between intestinal health and mood, treating the gut is crucial for improving mental health. Through optimizing digestion, consuming live fermented foods or supplementing probiotics, and identifying and avoiding food sensitivities, intestinal health can be restored and maintained.
A naturopathic plan includes individualized nutritional recommendations, which may vary based on tolerance of complex carbohydrates and other dietary components. Generally, a whole food diet is recommended, with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, healthy fats, and adequate protein. Neurotransmitters are built from the amino acids in proteins, so ensuring optimal protein intake and digestion is foundational, and therapeutic doses of single amino acids can be supplemented for mood support.
The foundation of this approach is in addressing imbalances using nutrition and lifestyle modifications like stress management, exercise, and time spent in nature.
Holistic therapies such as bodywork, homeopathy, herbal and nutritional medicine, psychotherapy, and yoga aid in enhancing the vis medicatrix naturae, to restore harmony in the body, mind, and spirit.
Sustainable HealthBy Diana Quinn, ND Naturopathic medicine is a holistic and integrative approach to healing the body, mind, and spirit. In naturopathic medicine, this wisdom is called the vis medicatrix naturae, the healing power of nature. It is this innate capacity within each being that allows for healing to unfold, a process that can be enhanced by removing obstacles and aiding healing through lifestyle, nutrition, herbal medicine and homeopathy, and mindbody therapies.
Often, I see patients who come with a specific physical complaint for which they want help and, as they tell me their stories, I learn that there is accompanying mental, emotional, or spiritual disharmony.
For example, a patient with heart disease struggles with feeling down and irritable, or a perimenopausal woman has night sweats, a racing heart, and panicky feelings that interfere with her sleep.
I also have many patients for whom a mental health diagnosis is the primary reason for their visit, and they are looking for natural medicine options to manage their problem. In both cases, natural medicine provides many options that can provide great relief. Symptoms of depression can manifest differently in men, women, and children, but may present as sadness, hopelessness, helplessness, or irritability.
Many people experience a change in appetite or sleep patterns, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating. Physical symptoms like aches and pains or digestive complaints are common as well, and people who have depression along with other illnesses tend to have more severe symptoms of both the depression and the illness. Fortunately, treating the depression can also improve the outcome of the co-occurring illness.
Generalized anxiety often presents as fearfulness or uncertainty, worry, or agitation, as well as physical symptoms like a pounding heart, tightness in the chest, difficulty breathing, or gastrointestinal symptoms. Because many of the symptoms of anxiety are physical, people suffering with anxiety may fear there is a serious physical condition. While fear of unexplained physical symptoms is a hallmark of anxiety, it is important to rule out physical illness, such as thyroid disorder and cardiovascular disease.
Many metabolic and endocrine imbalances contribute to and worsen mental health conditions, so a comprehensive workup to address underlying physiologic issues is necessary.
Hormones, neuropeptides, and neurotransmitters communicate information throughout the body, and subtle shifts can produce significant physical, mental, and emotional effects. Transient changes in mood quickly change the internal physical environment, and vice versa, via these messengers. A full workup may include a complete thyroid panel and measurements of sex hormones, the adrenal hormones cortisol and DHEA, and neurotransmitters and their metabolites. Nutritional influences may also contribute to psychological dis-ease, and these can be assessed through routine blood work and with functional medicine assessment like micronutrient testing.
Several nutrients are critical for maintaining optimal neurological health and mood, including omega 3 fatty acids, B vitamins, magnesium, and vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent and contributes to many chronic physical illnesses, as well as depression and Seasonal Affective Disorder. Most people living in Michigan could benefit from regular supplementation of vitamin D, but lab testing may be needed to detect deficiencies requiring higher doses of supplementation.
Naturopathic medicine has long espoused the connection between digestive health and overall wellness, and today a growing body of evidence is demonstrating the connection between the microflora environment in the gut and physical and psychological ailments.
From major corporations to small companies, business owners all over the state have been downsizing, reorganizing, and closing their doors in the last several years. And yet, even as the economy in Michigan has declined, and is now on a plateau, there are still brave souls who have taken the leap of faith to open their own businesses here.
Thankfully, there are choices we can make to help our homes and our local — and even global — communities become healthier, safer, and more sustainable places in which to live. In Ann Arbor, one of the places you can go for help in making positive changes in your environment is Bgreen Today, located in the former Hollywood Video space on Packard Street.
Daniel and Delphine have been residents of Ann Arbor for the last 20 years. Daniel originally hails from Cincinnati, Ohio, where his parents were both professors at the University of Cincinnati untilwhen his father was fired from the university because of his opposition to the Vietnam War. He then took a post at Bowling Green State University, and the family made frequent trips into Ann Arbor to browse the many bookstores.
His mother is also a published writer, primarily of fiction, but also of a couple of biographical works. Delphine is originally from Switzerland, but her background and heritage are too diverse to explain in such a short space. She and Daniel met in Managua, Nicaragua, induring the time when the Sandinistas lost control of the government.
Daniel was working as an accountant with Witness for Peace, which was involved in getting funding to the Contras stopped. They made their way to Michigan when they began selling a line of wool sweaters at Ethnic Creations stores.
Bgreen has two sides: The two fit together nicely, because they are both focused on energy efficiency and reducing consumption. Daniel cut his teeth in his early twenties with companies such as Co-Op America, which was strong on socially responsible issues. So when he and Delphine opened [their first business], they did so with the goal of selling the most natural products possible, made as cooperatively as possible. These same ideals resonate in Bgreen Today.
They closed all but one store, due to the steady decline of the Michigan economy. They still have one Ethnic Creations store operating in Petoskey. So when he and Delphine opened Ethnic Creations and Kayu Furniture, they did so with the goal of selling the most natural products possible, made as cooperatively as possible.
Consumer choices include bioplastic products made from corn polylactide acid and food containers that are made from sugar cane and bamboo. Benzene and styrene are known carcinogens. Bgreen Today carries products to replace all of those used in the food packaging and distribution chain.
Additionally, Bgreen carries a line of cleaning products that contain no harmful toxins like bleach, chlorine, or cyanide, while using as many natural ingredients as possible. This is one area where people can make a positive impact on the environment quickly. Bgreen plans to work with the City of Ann Arbor, the University of Michigan, and the private sector on a new initiative called the Zero Waste program. The initiative works to eliminate the amount of trash going into landfills by making everything recyclable or compostable.
This is a project that has been used in some Ohio universities, with a good deal of success. On the building materials side, the focus is on indoor air quality, and offering materials that are as low as possible in formaldehyde and methane, which are volatile organic compounds. Commercial paints and stains are the worst offenders for emitting such gasses long after they have dried. Flooring is only as sustainable as the wood or other product used to make it.
And did you know that linoleum is 85 percent linseed oil and is a wonderful alternative to vinyl? But both are extremely passionate about what they do, and that may make all the difference. The reality is that Bgreen Today often serves to simply educate people. As discussions of greening the environment and ensuring sustainability continue, expand, and improve, more and more people will begin to green their own environments, and that will have a resounding impact on the global community.
How do you put a cost on the health and well-being of your children? It was a high-risk business venture, to be sure, but for Sandy it was worth the risk, because it allowed her to help so many people.
Originally from the Washtenaw County area, Lisa Wiley studied at Eastern Michigan University and earned her degree in occupational therapy in She worked alongside Sandy at St. Then Lisa came on board at Healing In Motion in the fall of So when Sandy had to give up the business because her husband, an Army man, was given a different assignment that took them out of state, it only made sense to pass the business on to Lisa, who purchased it in Lisa became a certified hand therapist in and, shortly after, attended two myofascial release classes.
But, after only two days of hands-on work in the myofascial class, my back pain was gone. Some of these issues include bowel and bladder function, sexual dysfunction, and menstrual and pelvic pain, as well as TMJ Leaps of Faith: Tales of Newer Local BusinessesContinued from page 25 syndrome, migraines, and fibromyalgia and chronic pain. The clinic also specializes in recovery from breast cancer and other inflammatory issues, through the use of lymphodema techniques.
The clinic offers occupational, physical, and massage therapy services, and all of their therapists are extensively trained in myofascial release.
I like to think of it as the old American Occupational Therapy Association slogan: Looking and listening to the body is what we do. Our fascia is consciousness and our consciousness flows through our fascia.
People find that, after treatment, they feel better both physically and mentally. This is thought to be due to the releasing of stress we hold in our bodies. This was during a time in which I was between shoulder surgeries. My entire body — muscles, bones, and all — felt enlarged and expanded; it felt like they could truly breathe.