Vasco da Gama - Ages of Exploration
Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese explorer and the first person to navigate a route to the East and India. Learn more at index-art.info The Portuguese nobleman Vasco da Gama () sailed from Lisbon in With the help of a local navigator, da Gama was able to cross the Indian. It has been over years since Vasco da Gama started his journey to India. Here are some facts on the Portuguese navigator and his journey.
This came at the cruel treatment of East African and South Asian people. Finally, on February 20, da Gama began the return journey home arriving on October 11 He made da Gama a Portuguese viceroy in India. Da Gama continued advising on Indian affairs until he was sent overseas again in Da Gama quickly re-established order among the Portuguese leaders.
By the end of the year he fell ill. Vasco da Gama died on December 24, in Cochin, India. He was buried in the local church. Inhis remains were brought back to Portugal. He accomplished what many explorers before him could not do. His discovery of this sea route helped the Portuguese establish a long-lasting colonial empire in Asia and Africa.
The new ocean route around Africa allowed Portuguese sailors to avoid the Arab trading hold in the Mediterranean and Middle East. Vasco da Gama opened a new world of riches by opening up an Indian Ocean route. His voyage and explorations helped change the world for Europeans.Vasco da Gama - Explorer - Mini Bio - BIO
Oxford University Press, Akyeampong and Gates, Dictionary of African Biography, Patricia Calvert, Vasco Da Gama: So Strong a Spirit Tarrytown: Benchmark Books, Aileen Gallagher, Prince Henry, the Navigator: Pioneer of Modern Exploration New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. The Rosen Publishing Group, Pletcher, The Britannica Guide, The navigator was received with traditional hospitality, including a grand procession of at least 3, armed Nairsbut an interview with the Zamorin failed to produce any concrete results.
When local authorities asked da Gama's fleet, "What brought you hither?
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While Zamorin's officials wondered at why there was no gold or silver, the Muslim merchants who considered da Gama their rival suggested that the latter was only an ordinary pirate and not a royal ambassador. Annoyed by this, da Gama carried a few Nairs and sixteen fishermen mukkuva off with him by force. Return Vasco da Gama left Calicut on 29 August Eager to set sail for home, he ignored the local knowledge of monsoon wind patterns that were still blowing onshore.
The fleet initially inched north along the Indian coast, and then anchored in at Anjediva island for a spell.
They finally struck out for their Indian Ocean crossing on 3 October But with the winter monsoon yet to set in, it was a harrowing journey. On the outgoing journey, sailing with the summer monsoon wind, da Gama's fleet crossed the Indian Ocean in only 23 days; now, on the return trip, sailing against the wind, it took days.
Da Gama saw land again only on 2 Januarypassing before the coastal Somali city of Mogadishuthen under the influence of the Ajuran Empire in the Horn of Africa. The fleet did not make a stop, but passing before Mogadishu, the anonymous diarist of the expedition noted that it was a large city with houses of four or five storeys high and big palaces in its center and many mosques with cylindrical minarets.
Remembering Vasco da Gama: Facts about the Portuguese navigator - Education Today News
Thereafter, the sailing was smoother. The diary record of the expedition ends abruptly here. Da Gama and his sickly brother eventually hitched a ride with a Guinea caravel returning to Portugal, but Paulo da Gama died en route.
He eventually took passage on an Azorean caravel and finally arrived in Lisbon on 29 August according to Barros or early September 8th or 18th, according to other sources. Despite his melancholic mood, da Gama was given a hero's welcome and showered with honors, including a triumphal procession and public festivities.
King Manuel wrote two letters in which he described da Gama's first voyage, in July and Augustsoon after the return of the ships. Girolamo Sernigi also wrote three letters describing da Gama's first voyage soon after the return of the expedition.
The outward route of the South Atlantic westerlies that Bartolomeu Dias discovered infollowed and explored by da Gama in the open ocean, would be developed in subsequent years. The expedition had exacted a large cost — one ship and over half the men had been lost. It had also failed in its principal mission of securing a commercial treaty with Calicut. Nonetheless, the spices brought back on the remaining two ships were sold at an enormous profit to the crown. Vasco da Gama was justly celebrated for opening a direct sea route to Asia.
His path would be followed up thereafter by yearly Portuguese India Armadas. The spice trade would prove to be a major asset to the Portuguese royal treasury, and other consequences soon followed. For example, da Gama's voyage had made it clear that the east coast of Africa, the Contra Costa, was essential to Portuguese interests; its ports provided fresh water, provisions, timber, and harbors for repairs, and served as a refuge where ships could wait out unfavorable weather.
One significant result was the colonization of Mozambique by the Portuguese Crown. This turned out to be a complicated affair, for Sines still belonged to the Order of Santiago.
The master of the Order, Jorge de Lencastremight have endorsed the reward — after all, da Gama was a Santiago knight, one of their own, and a close associate of Lencastre himself. But the fact that Sines was awarded by the king provoked Lencastre to refuse out of principle, lest it encourage the king to make other donations of the Order's properties. In the meantime, da Gama made do with a substantial hereditary royal pension ofreis.
He was awarded the noble title of Dom lord in perpetuity for himself, his siblings and their descendants. On 30 Januaryda Gama was awarded the title of Almirante dos mares de Arabia, Persia, India e de todo o Oriente "Admiral of the Seas of Arabia, Persia, India and all the Orient" — an overwrought title reminiscent of the ornate Castilian title borne by Christopher Columbus evidently, Manuel must have reckoned that if Castile had an 'Admiral of the Ocean Seas', then surely Portugal should have one too.
However, Pedro Cabral entered into a conflict with the local Arab merchant guilds, with the result that the Portuguese factory was overrun in a riot and up to 70 Portuguese were killed. Cabral blamed the Zamorin for the incident and bombarded the city. Thus war broke out between Portugal and Calicut.
Remembering Vasco da Gama: Facts about the Portuguese navigator
Vasco da Gama invoked his royal letter to take command of the 4th India Armadascheduled to set out inwith the explicit aim of taking revenge upon the Zamorin and force him to submit to Portuguese terms. However, many were skeptical and thought that the Indian Ocean did not connect with the Atlantic Ocean. Vasco da Gama was given a fleet of ships by the king and told to find a trade route around Africa to India. He was also told to find any other trading opportunities along the way.
He had men and 4 ships: They then headed north up the coast of Africa. They stopped at trading ports along the way including Mombasa and Malindi.
At Malindi they gained a local navigator who knew the direction to India. With the help of a Monsoon wind they were able to cross the Indian Ocean and arrive in Calicut, India in less than a month.
At Calicut, Vasco ran into issues when trying to trade. He had brought little of value in his ships. This made the local traders suspicious.
Soon he had to leave.