Whitney Baker-[PA] - AIC's 46th Annual Meeting
Paper presented at the 8th Biennial Meeting of the International Academy of .. Lin Yuchun was a reject of a Taiwanese talent show, One Million Star. video, he sings in Dolly Patton's song I Will Always Love You in the style of Whitney Houston. The film “Romeo Must Die” originally had THE PERSUASION OF ASIAN. YouTube singing sensation Lin Yu Chun — who performed a riveting rendition of Whitney Houston's "I Will Always Love You" — has been. May 30, For a reference point, here's Whitney's go at “And I Am Telling You. . After the Idol finale, the Diva Committee met and discussed the possibility of Perhaps the most fitting tribute to Whitney Houston in this season of Whitney . Lin Yu Chun, also known as “That Fat Taiwanese Kid in the Bow Tie,” not only.
Regardless, under the influence of Confucianism, Asian masculinity conveyed in martial arts films can be problematically construed by western audiences. For instance, many cannot understand why the greatest Kung Fu master never showed off his skills and why Jackie Chan never attacked first in movies until he was forced to do so by villains.
Nevertheless, with prominent Asian figures in different fields, the change of Asian stereotypes is happening slowly. Yao Ming and Jeremy Lin proved Asian men can jump; the stereotype of Asians being bad dancers has been undermined by JabbaWockeeZ, a dance crew with most Asian members; even Filipino vocalist Charice launched her music career as an Asian diva in the U.
In short, if Asian men can find their masculinity in America, it is definitely not in pop music. Appropriation of American Masculinity in Gangnam Style Although Asian pop music has been developing rapidly in the past 30 years, due to various historical, economic and cultural reasons, America and European countries are still the major contributor and trendsetter of contemporary pop.
Since Asian traditional music had little influence over contemporary pop music, the majority Asian musicians have to adopt American music styles defined by white or black performers to attract fans. However, its consequences are unavoidable: Unsurprisingly, most Asian pop artists end up focusing on fans in Asia only. But in the pop music world, the existence of a big Asian star is almost zero. In addition, there are gender differences. In order to discover the underlying pattern that catapulted Gangnam Style into an overnight megahit, the article will first take a brief look at the few Asian male musicians who left some footmarks in American pop music.
William Hung gained his overnight fame in early on the third season of the TV show American Idol. Originally from Hong Kong, he was a year-old college student at University of California, Berkeley. Born in a Chinese family running restaurants, he has great rap skills. Jin was the first East Asian and Chinese solo rapper to be signed to a major record label. His debut album The Rest is History peaked at No.
After the modest success of his debut album, Jin left the label Ruff Ryders and moved to Hong Kong to pursue his music career. He became an Internet sensation when his singing video on YouTube received more than 10, views.
The masculinity performances in this music video are undeniable. In one scene, Psy walks with women on both sides, each of his arms on their shoulders, conveying a message of hyper heterosexuality by boasting his possession of beautiful women. Nevertheless, a closer look would discover the reasons behind it.
But the fact he can sell them back to the U. In other words, Asian male pop artists have been struggling with the justification of their creativity, authenticity, and masculinity in the United States, all of which Psy has done in an untraditional way. Since Asian male identity is narrowly defined by their social roles, U. As a matter of fact, the few masculine Asian figures in Hollywood action movies may easily beat up hooligans but hardly get any women.
No American audience would imagine a middle-aged Asian man can deliver fast rap lyrics and come up with such smooth but dramatic dance moves. For example, Psy raps while sitting on toilet with his pants down, sings while lying in an elevator with a man standing over and thrusting his pelvis, and dances wearing out-of-place short pants on a speedboat.
Lin Yu Chun (Taiwan's Susan Boyle) Voted Off Singing Competition | TV Guide
But for an Asian man, it is too shocking a scene since Asian masculinity has been centering on the discourse of social role conformity and group affiliation Lebra ; Sugimoto Gangnam Style succeeded in persuading Asian creativity by destructing the centralized model minority in America as well as the dominant social conformity rules in Asian cultures.
In the Hip-Hop world, the discourse of masculinity is space bounded, which most Asian musicians find it hard to identify themselves with. When Eminem becomes the first name associated with rap most people around the world would think of, his Chinese equivalent, MC Jin, faces a totally different fate. He was born in America; he has street credibility as he joined rap battles and distributed mixtapes; his lyrical rhymes are full of wisdom and boldness.
His appearance as a masculine Asian rapper is almost a shock to America. Nevertheless, failure is destined to follow his overnight fame because he is Chinese. Unlike Eminem, Jin cannot appeal to the mainstream white audience because they simply cannot appreciate a rap hero who is neither white nor black.
Neither can Jin stand out for African American audiences who already have too many rap stars of their own.
Скачать Laura - I Will Always Love You | The Voice Kids - смотреть онлайн
It is predictable that Jin had to move to Hong Kong to pursue his music career after releasing one major-label album in the U. Psy, nevertheless, avoided these common embarrassments facing Asian musicians and succeeded in selling Asian rap back to the U.
This is because he never intended to target the American or international market. Gangnam, the place the song is based on, is a district in Seoul, estranging its social setting from a typical American social context. Along with its original horse-riding dance moves, Gangnam Style succeeded in convincing Americans that it is authentic and exotic Asian dance music imported from South Korea and yet stealthily appeals to their cultivated taste for American masculinity.
Additionally, as a music video sung in Korean, made by Koreans and for Korean audiences, Gangnam Style is not considered to compete with white or black masculinity in the American pop music scene. Therefore, the Asian masculinity depicted in it appears hilarious, exotic and less threatening to hegemonic masculinity and solicits less repulsive reaction among white and black audiences.
Psy did not just sell a full package of masculinity, but unfortunately a mixed bag of Asian masculinity and Asian goofiness. To some extent, Gangnam Style exploits Asian stereotypes by playing the beaten role of a nerdy undesirable Asian man.
His horse-riding dance may be original and creative, but there are obviously some cheesy and silly elements in these animal- inspired moves. All these bizarre performances make Gangnam Style more than just a music video, but a visual comedy mocking and celebrating the stereotypical Asian goofiness.
In an interview, Psy admitted that he was concerned that Americans would think all Koreans look as ugly as he does because of his popularity. Meanwhile, his chubby middle-aged body type may symbolize male masculinity, as reflected by American rappers with large body types such as Fat Joe and Rick Ross. In this way, his masculinity discourse is perfectly interwoven with his self-mockery of Asian stereotype.
This pattern is evolving with the trend of globalization and the boom of information and communication technologies. First, Asian musicians, men in particular, are largely invisible in the U. No mainstream record labels would take the risk of signing an Asian male singer, whose failure is almost guaranteed. This leads to the dilemma that numerous Asian musicians have no platforms whatsoever to showcase their talents, contributing to the vicious cycle of the invisibility of Asian faces in American pop.
Their only opportunity is to gain as much media exposure as possible in a minimum timeframe by appearing on amateur talent shows and doing something bizarre, stupid or amazing. William Hungor a dramatic violation to that stigma e. MC Jinor a well-integrated combination of both e.
Lin Yuchun and Psy. But the fact that it is the first time a stereotyped Asian man has ever been projected on reality TV made him a hard-to-come-by entertainer.
Lin Yu Chun (Taiwan's Susan Boyle) Voted Off Singing Competition
However, none of them were able to elevate their overnight fame into a next level. In a music market shaped by the tastes of white audiences, it would be hardly possible for Asian men to maintain lasting recognition.Taiwanese Boy Lin Yu Chun Sings Whitney Houston's "I Will Always Love You" LIVE
Third, the Internet provides Asian musicians with a new channel free from the much racialized hierarchy in traditional media. In particular, free distribution, and even online piracy, of pop art has facilitated the popularity of Asian artists. With the Internet speed multiplied in the last decade, online streaming of videos and audios has become so convenient. In the past five years, many independent musicians who failed to obtain a major label contract started to use the cyberspace as a cheap but efficient channel to promote themselves.
The fact that many YouTube singers became famous by covering hit songs and making music video proves that signing a major label is no longer the only way to launch a music career.
Doubtless, the Internet is speeding up the rise of Asian music sensations.
But, in the last two years, Lin Yuchun, Psy and many other Asian musicians have sprung up, all from the cyberspace. Lin Yuchun was just a reject from a Taiwanese TV talent show before someone posted his singing clip on YouTube, which got viral instantly and received more than 10, views.
Obviously, the digital world is changing the rule of game in the music industry in favor of these undervalued Asian artists. In order to win the appreciation of American audiences, Asian male pop artists are facing much greater obstacles than their white peers.
Being merely talented is unimportant and even irrelevant in the case of Asian musicians. However, while appropriating American pop music styles and masculinity, Asian artists cannot avoid accusations of being copycats.
The reasons for this are varied. First, since Asian music genres had little influence on American contemporary pop music compared to African Americans or Latin Americans, Asians appear to be uncreative and have no music roots in the American pop. Second, as whites do not find Asian masculinity as marketable as black masculinity, the marginalization and emasculation of Asian men can more effectively serve the purpose of reinforcing white masculinity by the contrast effect. During the process of racial bifurcation in pop music, Asian men are assigned the role of an underdog, mainly played by William Hung.
Third, Asian American music artists also suffered from the dilemma of being constantly perceived as expatriates or immigrants, which has eliminated their ethos of musical authenticity from the beginning of their career. Due to the small Asian American proportion and the early Asian exclusionary immigration policy in the U. His following market flop is guaranteed just like his overnight fame because the idea of a Chinese rapper does not fit in the dominant discourse of an Asian immigrant speaking broken English.
Nevertheless, Asians are not the only ones who appropriate music styles from other ethnic groups. White musicians have been adopting music elements from African Americans and other ethnic groups for long.
In contrast, white musicians do not have the same embarrassment Asians have encountered because they can easily justify their creativity, authenticity, and masculinity and enter the all-American hall-of-fame of music icons via hegemonic appropriation of black music.
Jazz music did not become popular until white musicians adopted it and made it available to a broader audience. Rock music is now a legitimately white music genre before people can recall its origin from African American musicians such as Chucky Berry and Little Richard. Mariah has never tried the song.
DIVAWATCH: And I Am Telling You, I Will Always Love You
Whitney tried it once and gave up. Even Aretha left it the hell alone. Then, inAmerican Idol seventh-place finisher Jennifer Hudson starred in the film version of Dreamgirls and snatched the song away.
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Jennifer Hudson changed the smell in every movie theater in America. Nobody had ever done that before. The reverberations are still being felt today. Last Thursday night on the Idol finale, the past, present, and the future of Divadom came crashing together in this batty, wonderful performance. On the same stage that made Jennifer Hudson a star, Jennifer Holliday did her best to take back her crown.
With everything on the line, Holliday chose a tactic that almost never works — she went weird. How do you erase the memory of Hudson in Dreamgirls? How do you imprint yourself back into the minds of the older generation while also introducing yourself to the tweens? Well, apparently, you make a whole bunch of crazy faces, run back all your old drunken hand motions, and blow Jessica Sanchez off the stage.
More important, she took Divadom back to its competitive roots by planting her feet on the stage and making sure that by the time the song ended, nobody would ever be able to think of Jessica Sanchez without also thinking of Jennifer Holliday. Holliday stole this move from Aretha Franklin.
Holliday might not have won the battle, but wherever Hudson watched from that night, she knew she was in a fight. This category, which has helped boost the values of Cher, Celine Dion, and Aretha, is currently worth 30 points.