PCL (Private Club League) Championships, 6//8, Gandy Pool, Lakeland , FL. Team List/Athlete Count Results Saturday Prelims. May 12, KCC will be closed Memorial Day (May 29) and open Tuesday, May 30 .. Diane Soltis, Marketing and Public Relations Department, 4/25/11 All college employees are invited to attend the following “meet and greet” Beginning Excel - Tuesday, July 19 from 8 a.m. - p.m. in Room D university. Vision makes clear our commitment to our students Our athletic programs have stepped up to meet the challenges of . GPPRS is located in Memorial Hall on the Minot State. University .. Khalifa Khalfan Al Badi (Oman) and Yacin Abdessaied (France). .. Joseph Ford. Don and .. Shane and Lori Soltis.
According to one terrorism analyst, "The smaller cells tend to be less powerful than a central terrorist organization like Al Qaeda, but they are harder to detect….
When the group of conspirators are [sic] small it's much more difficult for the FBI…. The larger the group, the greater the chances the FBI can infiltrate. Blair noted that many of the terrorist schemes disrupted in —including homegrown activity—relied on short-term planning.Crestview Swim Team 2015
These quickly generated schemes are harder to identify and disrupt than more traditional and more highly organized international terrorist conspiracies, which can gestate for years. In the case of recent immigrants to the United States, they are particularly comfortable moving between American and foreign cultural contexts. In FebruaryColleen LaRose aka "Jihad Jane" pled guilty "to all counts of a superseding indictment charging her with conspiracy to provide material support to terrorists, conspiracy to kill in a foreign country, making false statements, and attempted identity theft.
Headley was able to use his American citizenship and Pakistani heritage to move between the United States and abroad for seven years during which time he received terrorist training in Pakistan and scouted locations in India and Denmark for terrorist attacks.
Radicalization has been described as the exposure of individuals to ideological messages and the movement of those individuals from mainstream beliefs to extremist viewpoints. This is because Americans have the right under the First Amendment to adopt, express, or disseminate ideas, even hateful and extremist ones.
But when radicalized individuals mobilize their views i. Thus, the terms may be differentiated as follows: For many, this term is synonymous with "violent jihadist" and "jihadist terrorist. The study describes a general four-step process of radicalization leading to violent extremism. First, individuals exist in a pre-radicalization phase in which they lead lives unaware of or uninterested in either violent jihad or fundamentalist Salafi Islam.
Next, they go through self-identification in which some sort of crisis or trigger job loss, social alienation, death of a family member, international conflict urges them to explore Salafism. Third, individuals undergo indoctrination or adoption of jihadist ideals combined with Salafi views.
The study indicates that, typically, a "spiritual sanctioner" or charismatic figure plays a central role in the indoctrination process. Finally, radicalizing individuals go through "jihadization," where they identify themselves as violent jihadists, and are drawn into the planning of a terrorist attack.
The radicalization process is best depicted in broad brush strokes. One expert has suggested that There is no easily identifiable terrorist-prone personality, no single path to radicalization and terrorism.
Many people may share the same views, and only a handful of the radicals will go further to become terrorists. The transition from radical to terrorist is often a matter of happenstance. It depends on whom one meets and probably on when that meeting occurs in the arc of one's life. Moreover, there are many diverse "pathways" to radicalization and individuals and groups can radicalize or "de-radicalize" because of a variety of factors.
Poverty, alienation, brainwashing, or personal humiliation—commonly seen as factors driving radicalization and terrorism—may not play particularly significant roles. Likewise, failed multiculturalism or failed integration into the larger society does not predict radicalization or terrorist activity. Other forces are key in radicalization and the evolution of jihadist terrorists. Family ties and socialization are critical. Moral outrage or perceptions that the West is harming the global community of Muslims the Ummah51 or even waging war against it may also spur radicalization and violence.
And travel to regions featuring terrorist activity can foster radicalization. Religious conversion plays a key role in the radicalization of some individuals. As all of this may suggest, in fact, "pre-radicalization" indicators are subtle and may not be detectable and the forces driving jihadists can be described in only the most general of terms. Certainly, radicalizing individuals and terrorists connect larger grievances about the world to their own direct experiences.
A study of 2, foreign fighters who joined Al Qaeda and its affiliated organizations broadly suggests that these individuals can be categorized as revenge seekers, status seekers, identity seekers, or thrill seekers who possessed "an unfulfilled need to define themselves. These include intermediaries the "spiritual sanctioners" identified by the NYPD report on radicalizationsocial networks, the Internet, and prisons.
Intermediaries Intermediaries are critical in the development of terrorist plots and radicalization. They quicken the formulation of individual or group beliefs regarding violent jihad.
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Terrorist recruiters from Al Qaeda or extremist clerics tied to such organizations can play this role in the radicalization process. They can interact with individuals interested in terrorism either directly face-to-face discussion groups or in online forums. Anwar al-Awlaki was a radical imam and key international charismatic figure in jihadist circles prior to being killed in a U.
Army Major Nidal Hasan exchanged emails with Awlaki. It remains publicly unknown how the contact influenced Hasan. After the Fort Hood shootings, Awlaki issued a statement dubbing Hasan a hero. Jose Pimentel was building explosive devices when he was arrested after two years of surveillance by the NYPD.
The would-be bomber is reputed to have tried but failed to correspond with Awlaki via email, and the cleric's death may have sped up his plotting. A sting operation by the FBI ensnared Martinez. He allegedly planned to attack an Armed Forces recruiting station in Maryland, using a sport utility vehicle loaded with what he believed was a bomb.
During the course of his plot, he also allegedly praised Awlaki. The website offered hyperlinks to Awlaki's online lectures. According to DOJ, Shehadeh also discussed Awlaki's ideas with an individual he tried and failed to recruit for violent jihad. The cleric responded twice, according to court documents. He closely followed Awlaki's online pronouncements and developed an "execution" hit list that included 15 people Rockwood believed had desecrated Islam.
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev has reportedly indicated to authorities that he and his brother, Tamerlan, watched videos of Anwar Al-Awlaki in the period before the siblings allegedly bombed the Boston Marathon. He radicalized after the Al Qaeda attacks on September 11,and moved with his parents to Charlotte in According to DOJ, he had read articles from Inspire about bomb making and weapons training.
Army private Naser Abdo was arrested near Fort Hood in Texas for allegedly plotting a shooting spree and bombing in the area. Abdo intended to kill soldiers near the same place where Army Major Nidal Hasan killed 13 individuals in Federal officials noted that Abdo also possessed an article on how to construct an explosive device, among other items.
The article was from Inspire. He has appeared in a number of the organization's videos widely circulated on the Web. Born in and raised in California, Gadahn converted to Islam as a teenager and moved to Pakistan by As a young convert in California, Gadahn was influenced by two jihadists involved with a discussion group he attended.
One of these men also likely introduced him into Al Qaeda circles in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Inhe first appeared in a widely released video threatening attacks on the United States, and in another dispatch he urged Americans to convert to Islam.
In a video posted on June 20,Gadahn rails against President Barack Obama, describing him as "treacherous, bloodthirsty, and narrow-minded.
Inhe emerged as a key international intermediary for the Somali terrorist group al-Shabaab but has since broken with the group.
The son of a Syrian-born father and an American mother, he has been featured in propagandist videos distributed by the group. In one, he instructs recruits in urban warfare. Zachary Chesser saw Hammami as a role model. He may also have led battlefield skirmishes. In AugustDOJ unsealed a superseding indictment against him.
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He converted to Islam in high school, and while a student at the University of South Alabama, he led the Muslim Student Association and began adhering to Salafi doctrine. His Salafism allegedly sprang in part from a desire to rebel against his father.
Inhe dropped out of school, and by he had found his way to Toronto, Canada, where American combat in Iraq and Afghanistan encouraged him to reconsider his nonviolent Salafi views. One of his friends alleges that Hammami began surfing the Web for information on jihad at this time. While in Canada, he married a Somali woman. Inthey moved to Cairo, and by late he was in Somalia pursuing violent jihad.
Networks can be actual groups—encompassing intimate kinship ties, bonds of friendship, links forged in student associations, or cliques tied to radical mosques. They may also be virtual and fostered by the Internet. Group loyalties can form around jihadist messages entailing moral outrage over the perceived suffering of fellow Muslims and a sense that the West is at war with Islam.
Networks help place these messages into the context of an individual's personal experiences. Shahzad appears to have started to radicalize in the United States by During trips to Pakistan prior to his attempted Times Square bombing, Shahzad reestablished ties with Hussain. The latter had also returned to Pakistan. Together, the two grew more militant, especially when in Pakistani forces stormed Lal Masjid, the "Red Mosque," a center of Islamic fundamentalism. The two friends socialized with a third individual, Muhammad Shouaib Mughal.
The three were keenly interested in global jihad. He brought Shahzad and Hussain into the group's camps for training in According to a criminal complaint unsealed in Novemberthe trio and another individual, Arifeen David Gojali, allegedly plotted to travel from Southern California to join either Al Qaeda or the Taliban. The conspiracy also purportedly included fundraising for and provision of material support to terrorist groups.
Using stories of his past violent jihadist exploits in Pakistan and Afghanistan, Boyd recruited and trained individuals for violent terrorist activity, according to FBI courtroom testimony. FromBoyd supposedly trained at terrorist camps in Afghanistan and Pakistan and may have been a fighter in Afghanistan. Adventurism and romanticized notions of revolution seem to have some prominence in the radicalization process. A desire to protect the Ummah against what he perceived as Western incursion may have been more important to Faisal Shahzad than more overtly religious rhetoric.
InCabdulaahi Ahmed Faarax, a charismatic recruiter for al-Shabaab, enticed young Somali men in Minnesota with a jihadi cool message replete with war stories.
According to federal court documents, he emphasized jihad but also stressed the sense of brotherhood he had experienced while fighting. He detailed his own experiences in guerilla combat and reassured his listeners that it was fun and not to be afraid. He further underscored that recruits would get the chance to use firearms. On June 24,the five were convicted on terrorism charges and sentenced to 10 years in prison in Pakistan.
The interactivity of chat rooms, blogs, social networking sites, message boards, video hosting sites, and email blurs the lines between readership and authorship that previous generations of terrorists and sympathizers encountered with pamphlets, newspapers, and newsletters.
They may eventually engage in more substantive activity—actual propagandizing, financial support, or joining a terrorist network. In some cases accessing and engaging in online jihadist rhetoric possibly prods an individual toward violence.
A study of 18, entries in 2, online discussions from more than 15 Arabic-language jihadist forums revealed that "[o]ne fifth of all discussions included an explicit call for more terrorist attacks Overall, two thirds of all discussions contain[ed] some form of call for or encouragement of terrorist attacks.
One author has also indicated that activity in the virtual realm may even play a much more profound, "cathartic" role, "allow[ing] aspiring jihadists to be part of the broader global jihad but crucially without engaging in direct violence.
While such activity may be seen in terrorist circles as an increasingly legitimate option—instead of violent jihad—it does not come without repercussions for online supporters of terrorism.
Individuals absorbed in such activities may run afoul of law enforcement for materially aiding terrorist organizations. First, it allows jihadists to augment their messages with suggestive audio and video.
Second, it makes it easier for would-be jihadists to find and interact with like-minded people around the world. Finally, the Internet "normal[izes] behaviors considered unacceptable or inappropriate in real-world environments. Sincevideo sharing websites have broadened the availability of jihadi video material.
All sorts of other texts and graphic images supporting violent jihad exist on the Web, as does a great volume of tradecraft, such as bomb-making guides. Social networking, now inherently part of the Internet, is likely a tool that is used in the development of contacts among radicalized individuals and recruitment into violent jihadist groups.
Before he died, Anwar al-Awlaki circulated jihadist lectures online and managed his own popular Facebook page and blog. Mehanna, a pharmacist living with his parents in Sudbury, a wealthy Boston suburb, was arrested on terrorism charges in October In the eyes of some terrorism experts, the Mehanna case highlights the shift away from core members of Al Qaeda toward Internet-inspired, homegrown radicalization and self-starting terrorists.
The Mehanna case emphasizes how recruiters from foreign terrorist organizations no longer seem necessary to shepherd radicalized individuals into terrorist training abroad. Mehanna, himself, allegedly tried but failed to get into such camps. One terrorism specialist has noted that "there is a sense that these guys are radicalizing on their own. Among other things, it could help them to collect intelligence about their targets, communicate with one another, propagandize, recruit foot soldiers, raise funds, convey operational direction, and provide training or instruction.
A scholar of the prison phenomenon in the United Kingdom notes that jail time potentially accelerates the radicalization process for many individuals. Prison brings together disaffected people who may be receptive to anti-social messages offering "clear, albeit intolerant, solutions to complex problems of identity and belonging. A study of homegrown jihadist terrorists from the United States and United Kingdom found seven cases in which prison had a significant impact on an individual's radicalization process.
One case, commonly known as the Newburgh Four plot, included at least two individuals who converted to Islam while in state prison, but it remains unclear whether they radicalized behind bars.
His views are apparent in several of his prison writings, including a page document titled the "JIS Protocol. Both Patterson and Samana swore allegiance to Washington and pledged to serve as "mujahideen," according to court documents.
Two points suggest that factors outside of prison may have at least partly driven his radicalization: Indeed, there does not appear to be a common thread connecting the U. Some plots were aspirational.
Table B-1 provides information about the profile and training of individuals involved in domestic jihadist terrorist plots and attacks. For example, conventional notions of "homegrown" may suggest plots that are hatched and executed solely within the United States. But in a globalized environment, many domestic jihadist terrorist plots have some sort of international dimension.
For example, some plotters train abroad. Some receive cues from terrorist Internet propagandists operating in foreign lands. And as suggested above, homegrown terrorists can focus their violent plans on domestic or international entities. From another perspective, 44 involved intent to or actual travel abroad for training or to plan for terrorist attacks. A Variety of Endgames Homegrown violent jihadists pursue a number of endgames.
Some seek involvement in foreign conflicts or insurgencies. Others plan and attempt to execute either bombings or assaults with firearms. Finally, some jihadists apparently intended from the start only to fund or materially support the activities of their brethren.
Al-Shabaab-related cases concerning young men leaving the United States to fight in Somalia form the paramount example.
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Other cases involve different destinations, such as Syria and the warring factions involved in its civil war. They purportedly traveled there hoping to join jihadist groups and battle U. On June 24,they were convicted of terrorism charges in a special Pakistani anti-terror court.
Not surprisingly, it was a one-time-only. The next season, though, he is said to really have matured as a driver. He tested every approach, every technique. Here, at Rally Italy on the island of Sardinia, he checked out the aerial groove.
But is that tree on the left or the right side of the fence?!?
Eighty-five winters ago, in April of a publicity session was held at Atlantic Stadium in East Los Angeles for a new form of race cars becoming known as Midgets. Here Curly Mills, Charlie Vondera, and Roy Richter try to make some speed on the loose surface of the former motorcycle track. Striving for Excellence, by Art Bagnall.
Last summer he often ventured east to Speedway Entertainment shows. Catch him if you can. It was hard to take its likeness as so many folks surrounded it all weekend.
Britten was the '17 Albany-Saratoga track champ and came in an oh-so-close second in the Super Dirt Car finale at Oswego. There ain't much on this car you can buy from NAPA. Certain photos just appear to depict some other reality, and this is one of them.
Any feedback on what this event was and where would be gratefully received at lewboyd coastal They might have been a tad lean on roll bars, on safety hubs — and a trailer, but they were all set for stagger options with that perfectly arranged tire rack. She has worked at the track since the day the ticket office opened in It was a highly interesting session since father and son Don and Rich Vogler were playfully roughhousing with each other at full speed….
Cut and sliced to cruelly simple, it just happened. Rescuers quickly reached the scene, Rich Vogler among the vanguard of them. He was there just long enough to grasp the gravity of the situation and he strode rigidly back across the track. His Lifeby John Sawyer. Campbell, who perished at Salem the next season, was strong-armed.
Typically, on the old fair tracks, drivers would return to the pits all bloody and banged up from flying dirt clods and rocks. There was no visible compromise to their masculinity, as few fans saw they did it.
It was originally intended for the Indianapolis events. As ofthe trophy would be awarded to the car owner that led at miles. Hartz led at miles in, and Dave has moved to Daytona, hooked up with the Living Legends of Auto Racing, and each year, these days, he hosts what just might be the coolest, down-to-earth event of Speedweeks. It is called "Coffee with Characters," and it is a free-ranging, often hilarious, discussion among racing notables from all over the country. It is scheduled for this year at His hope was the car might really help keeping open wheel — and Indy — racing accessible to American drivers, most all of whom were trained with straight axles and torsion bars and little lap time with the new independent chassis technologies.
The car was lightning fast, but was banned both in the United States and in Australia. It was, however, Don's favorite of all the cars he ever built. Don had been unable to locate a pair of the original pavement front Firestones. Turns out that Paul used to have Firestone's Northeast racing tire warehouse, and the next time he went west, he brought the proper rubber with him. Paul writes, "Don was all smiles.
We had them mounted at a local tire dealer and the above photo is the first one taken with Don and his prized roadster on four vintage Firestones. The previous year he had gone to Indy and seen the enormous crowd; he announced at a card game that he was going to build a huge, banked and paved facility for stock car racing in Darlington.
Equally unbelievably, he planned to open with a miler for the Strictly Stock cars on the Monday of Labor Day weekend in that he would call the Southern Seventy-five cars showed up from everywhere, and after 15 days of qualifying, still fascinated with Indy, Brassington lined the grid up three-deep, 25 rows.
The fans showed up, too — so many of them that hotels filled, and Brassington opened the infield for cars and trucks so fans would have a place to sleep. Apparently most of them decided to drink instead. Some of them likely caught a few Zs during the show itself. It took the winner, Johnny Mantz, over six hours to urge his Plymouth along the mile run. He was the slowest qualifier, but unlike others he used heavy-duty truck tires and just plodded along while faster entries broke or had tire failures.
Another amateur racer, Dr. Howard Snively, was the course physician and after seeing how poorly the existing crash helmets worked, he began serious efforts to do something about it. The Snell number certifications for helmets continue to this day. Relying on his resources as heir to the Woolworth fortune, he began road racing in California with his buddy James Dean. He then set up a company building Chevy-powered Scarab race cars, driven to glory by stars such as Chuck Daigh and Carroll Shelby.
Married initially to Jill St. John and subsequently Mouseketeer Cheryl Holdridge, he died in a plane crash in Can you imagine seeing a figure like that today with a cigarette in the mouth? A few months later he returned to Mexico and terminated it.
He and Jan remained friends, however, for the rest of his life. All of them perished pursuing the oily grail. Ball, a fabulous Midget wheelman, died 14 months after being injured at Carrel Speedway in Gardena, CA, in in a wreck in which Bryan was also hurt. Bisch won the CRA title and moved up to Championship cars.
His friend and employee, Snooks Wentzel, became manager of one of them. Shown here doing an early rollover crash while Chitwood upper left in the riding boots and pants watched, he had become quite the stuntman himself. A crash man had quit, and the show was short-handed, so Snooks decided to do the rollover. He started with a full tank of gas. He rolled the car wheel-to-wheel, side-over-side, landing on all four wheels, drove back up the track, approached the narrow rollover ramp and flipped the car again.
He repeated the feat as many times as he could landing in the same place every time. On the fourth roll that evening, something went wrong.
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Then it caught fire. Before the firetruck in the infield could drive over, the car exploded. Snooks was knocked unconscious by the blast and died. Apparently the gas cap came off after the first roll.
Each successive time Snooks did the rollover, more fuel was dumped in the same spot. It is not known what actually ignited the fuel. The engine may have backfired or the fan may have hit the radiator shroud causing sparks. And, to make it even more horrible, a sizeable crowd in the grandstand watched, as did all the drivers scheduled for the jalopy feature.
They were all lined up, buckled in their cars, on the backstretch. That was probably the most intense moment of the month. Everybody was telling me how it insane it was once the green flag drops. Then there was also the responsibility — with guys like Scott Dixon and Juan Pablo Montoya on my inside. The pits were awash with Sprinters. Toby had never ever been in a Sprinter, but he qualified handily in third spot for a car main.
Little question he knew the short route around Reading. He assumed the lead in the second turn of the first lap and romped on to the win, to wild applause. This shot was taken when he came up to do an interview with me at Bakersfield.
Brock and I started on the story and worked our way through the pits, when we were told that Garlits got hurt at Lions, when he lost his foot in a horrible clutch explosion.
So Brock and I jumped on a plane and went down to the LA airport and were there when Pat Garlits walked off the plane. I looked her right in the eyes and never blinked. The racing, too, brought rave reviews.