Task vs. Relationship Leadership Theories | index-art.info
The role played by perceived leadership - task- or relationship-oriented - was Article (PDF Available) in Social Behavior and Personality An International. between initiating structure leader behaviors and teacher retention. Keywords: served in a similar role that Jesus demonstrates in the life of the Christian. Task-oriented leadership- leaders prioritize the accomplishment of goals over. Where are the ideas of Relational Leadership located in a Christian Worldview level input in the process as the group work towards a common goal. Our behaviour as a leader is prescribed by being “in Christ” and by . Yet as one reviewer of the book put it, would a “self-focused”, CEO want to change.
Much of it is not actually about leadership at all, but is focused on theological, expositional, hermeneutical, worship facilitation and communications skills. Where consideration is given to the vital skills of people and organizational leadership, the Christian world so often seems to call upon secular, worldly models, passing over the one role model who should be in focus — Jesus Christ.
This article is adapted from a paper published by Dr. It is a study on servant leadership which was modelled by Jesus as he grew and developed the disciples into the leaders of his Church.
As such, this is a model that should have primacy in Kingdom service. What is Servant Leadership? It is the focus on the growth of the individual, that they might flourish and achieve their full potential and not primarily the growth and potential of the organization, that distinguishes servant leadership from other leadership styles.
The primary concern of the servant leader is service to their followers.
In the secular business schools it was Robert Greenleaf who, in the early s, proposed the servant leader model. However, the concept of a servant leader is not such a modern concept, but can be found in the biblical account of the life of Jesus Christ.
By examining his model we can identify a Christ-centred, Christ-like servant leadership style that works for Christians who lead people in any situation. He came to serve Matthew He healed the sick Mark 7: He washes the feet of his followers, which was properly the responsibility of the house-servant.
Examination of this passage shows that: Jesus was fully aware of his position as leader v. Before the disciples experienced him as their servant, they had already experienced him many times before as Master, and as a strong and extremely powerful leader. Jesus voluntarily becomes a servant to his followers v.
He did not come primarily as their foot washer, but he was ready to do this service for his followers if needed. Jesus wants to set an example for his followers to follow v. The Servant Leader From the teaching and example of Jesus Christ we learn that being a servant leader in the most general sense means being: A voluntary servant, who submits themselves to a higher purpose, which is beyond their personal interests or the interests of others, A leader who uses the power that is entrusted to them to serve others, A servant who, out of love, serves others needs before their own, A teacher who teaches their followers, in word and deed, how to become servant leaders themselves.
The Christian Servant Leader Applying these considerations of Jesus as a role model for Christian leaders we can see that, from a Biblical perspective, a servant leader is a person, who is: Christ-centered in all aspects of life a voluntary servant of Christ Committed to serve the needs of others before their own, Courageous to lead with power and love as an expression of serving, Consistently developing others into servant leaders, and Continually inviting feedback from those that they want to serve in order to grow towards the ultimate servant leader, Jesus Christ.
There are some implications worthy of note that arise: He also came to serve man Matthew However, Christ did not come to be our servant, whereas he came out of obedience to God, serving him. Note however, that simply serving people is insufficient.
It does not necessarily imply that a leader is serving God. It is possible, for instance, to serve people based on an humanistic worldview. Serving the needs of others is liberating. It implies recognizing their needs without judging themand then doing what can be done, in line with the higher purpose of serving God first, to help satisfy that need. The servant leader themselves is a growing leader, led and grown by the Holy Spirit. Jesus was the only human being who never abused his power.
Terms such as ethical, empowering, and purposeful should resonate with a Christian worldview of leadership, as these traits are part of the hallmark of biblically-based leadership. Yet we need an authentically Christian interpretation of these elements.
These may or may not flourish according to His sovereign purpose, but there ought to be a positive impact on those we lead. But sometimes loving God and loving people can lead us to pain, as the Apostle Paul found: I have learned the secret of being content in any and every situation, whether well fed or hungry, whether living in plenty or in want.
This is not to say that Jesus does not have authority; clearly he does, but this authority derives from his being the Son of God and equal with the Father. Any authority that a church leader has derives from the word of God rather than their position.
From a biblical perspective, relationships are fundamental and part of what it means to lead is to have meaningful relationships and to love those that we lead. They are not optional. This goes beyond the ethos of our relationships with others that are proscribed in Timothy and Titus, where we are told not to be overbearing, quick tempered or quarrelsome and to be gentle.
Our relationships as leaders are also not simply a means to an end, but are born out of a love for people and a desire to enable them also to serve and flourish.
Jesus as the Son of God was able to command others to follow him, yet his approach to leading these followers was to build close relationships where he taught in small groups, challenged, mentored, and answered their questions. Listening, explaining, enabling, and equipping by communicating thus plays a key part of being relational. How much do we rely on email, chat or social media to communicate, rather than on face to face direct contact?
Task-oriented and relationship-oriented leadership - Wikipedia
But surveys tend to show that millennials have a much greater tendency to job hop than older employees. A right emphasis on being relational could actually keep millennials as good employees for longer.
One wonders if this behaviour was born more out of a desire to retain staff than a deliberate shift in leadership ideology towards Relational Leadership that gave rise to these initiatives! Being more deeply relational may also require a shift of emphasis from the task-orientated nature of Western management practice to allow time and provide the context for developing relationships, listening and drawing out ideas from others and discovering their knowledge base.Task vs Relationship Orientation
This also assists in the discovery of the degree of alignment of others with the vision and goals of the organization, and provides opportunities for realignment where there is divergence. A CHANGING WORLD Leadership styles in the West are evolving in many organisations from a more command and control based approach to a flatter, more collaborative engagement of workers, as organisations seek to respond to the increasing complexity and change in society.
I suspect that much of the current thinking about Relational Leadership, not only from the observation of leadership practice, but also the theorising about how to do it and new paradigms for thinking about it, has emerged from this shift away from command and control leadership. Rather, a biblical model of leadership emphasises service with its attendant goal of caring for and empowering followers. But as is so often the case, a Christian Worldview of leadership pre-empts many of the discoveries and developments in secular thinking, but also gives us a more balanced and rounded basis on which to lead.
Some have argued that good character produces superior business results.
Task vs. Relationship Leadership Theories
There is a dissonance between the philosophical underpinnings of some models of Relational Leadership and a Christian Worldview, particularly with respect to acknowledging evil and its influence in relationships and in motivation. It is vital that we maintain a biblically-based and holistic view of leadership, one that embraces and is confident to declare the fundamental truth of our fallen nature and that our leading or following will always be potentially flawed.
This provides the realism about what can be achieved, whether we lead in a Christian or largely non-Christian organisation.
Such recognition also provides the basis for lovingly seeking to encourage and transform those we lead. Ultimately, only the Gospel and the work of the Holy Spirit can provide the transformation that will enable any of these attempts to bear fruit and bring glory to God.
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