Cold War History - HISTORY
Soviet and U.S. soldiers meet each other on the Elbe River. . Is it any coincidence that this single 'bright spot' in US-Russia relations in recent. At no point, an American military spokesman said, was there any Mr. Ionov was not the only one speaking out about Russian fatalities. The Feb. 7 clash in Syria was the first time in 50 years that American troops and Russians have engaged in direct combat.
For years, Soviet troops had been inching slowly westward, pushing Nazi troops back all along the Eastern Front.
Finally, on April 25,Soviet and American troops cut through the Wehrmacht divisions and met in the middle of Germany near the town of Torgau, 85 miles from Berlin, on the Elbe River. The allied forces had effectively cut Germany in two. Open sources That Soviet and American troops would meet in this general area was known, and signals had even been worked out between the allied leaders at Yalta to indicate to the troops on either side that they were friendly.
But the actual meeting itself was decided by fate. The moment, which came to be known as the Meeting on the Elbe, portended the end of the war in Europe, which came less than two short weeks later, when the Red Army stormed Berlin. Bill Robertson of the th Regiment of the 69th Infantry Division, driving on the morning of April 25 into the town of Torgau, knew that he might encounter Soviet troops, and knew he should greet them as friends and allies — Gen.
Courtney Hodges, Commander of the First U. The first American soldiers to make contact were to fire a green-colored star shell — the Soviets, a red one.
US-Russia relations a long way from World War II ‘Meeting at the Elbe’
Robertson and the three men in his patrol decided the best way to show they were Americans was to present an American flag. Alexander Sylvashko was skeptical at first that Robertson and his men were Americans. He thought the four men waving a colored sheet were Germans playing a trick on the Soviet troops. He fired a red star shell, but did not receive a green one in return.
Elbe Day - Wikipedia
Sylvashko sent one of his soldiers, a man named Andreev, to meet Robertson, in the center of a bridge crossing the Elbe. They swore an oath, in memory of those who had not made it so far: Officers exchanged their service weapons. Soviet Marshal Ivan Konev presented U. General Omar Bradley with his war horse, a magnificent Don stallion; Bradley presented Konev with the Legion of Merit — and also gave him a jeep.
Eisenhower the highest honor of the Soviet Union, the Order of Victory. Eisenhower gave Zhukov the Legion of Honor. The drink was colorless so that it would look like Zhukov was drinking vodka. The committee began a series of hearings designed to show that communist subversion in the United States was alive and well.
In HollywoodHUAC forced hundreds of people who worked in the movie industry to renounce left-wing political beliefs and testify against one another. More than people lost their jobs. Soon, other anticommunist politicians, most notably Senator Joseph McCarthyexpanded this probe to include anyone who worked in the federal government.
Elbe Day: A handshake that made history
Thousands of federal employees were investigated, fired and even prosecuted. The Cold War Abroad The fight against subversion at home mirrored a growing concern with the Soviet threat abroad. Many American officials feared this was the first step in a communist campaign to take over the world and deemed that nonintervention was not an option. Truman sent the American military into Korea, but the war dragged to a stalemate and ended in Other international disputes followed.
- Cold War History
In the early s, President Kennedy faced a number of troubling situations in his own hemisphere. However, what was intended to be a brief military action spiraled into a year conflict.
The Close of the Cold War Almost as soon as he took office, President Richard Nixon began to implement a new approach to international relations. To that end, he encouraged the United Nations to recognize the communist Chinese government and, after a trip there inbegan to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing.
Inhe and Soviet premier Leonid Brezhnev signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty SALT Iwhich prohibited the manufacture of nuclear missiles by both sides and took a step toward reducing the decades-old threat of nuclear war. Like many leaders of his generation, Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere.
As a result, he worked to provide financial and military aid to anticommunist governments and insurgencies around the world. This policy, particularly as it was applied in the developing world in places like Grenada and El Salvador, was known as the Reagan Doctrine. Soviet influence in Eastern Europe waned. Inevery other communist state in the region replaced its government with a noncommunist one. In November of that year, the Berlin Wall—the most visible symbol of the decades-long Cold War—was finally destroyed, just over two years after Reagan had challenged the Soviet premier in a speech at Brandenburg Gate in Berlin: Gorbachev, tear down this wall.
The Cold War was over.