In a study about the relationship of ambiguity tolerance and playfulness with creativity, the (then) Associate Professor at the University of Tennessee, Deborah . This paper will, first, explore the idea of tolerance of ambiguity through the history of its critical discussion and relation to notions of metaphor and imagination. curiosity, playfulness, capacity for fantasy, divergent thinking, risk-taking, intuitive, . Tegano () found a high correlation between playfulness of early educators and their “tolerance of ambiguity”, which is a critical element in creativity and.
Three scores are calculated: A high global score indicates that an individual is intolerant of ambiguity. Original data concerning this scale Stoycheva indicate that coefficients of internal consistency of these scales range from. Internal reliabilities of these scales for the present study will be pre- sented in the results section.
Procedure Participants provided informed written consent.
Tolerating Ambiguity | Knowinnovation
Then, the divergent thinking task was completed during 10 minutes. After a 5-minute break, each participant completed the story-writing task.
Fifteen minutes was allowed to write the story. Note that for all participants a list of definitions for difficult words from the Adjective Check-Ust was available during completion of the task. More- over, the investigators were available to answer questions during the testing pro- cedure.
Participants were allowed to complete the last questionnaires at their own pace. Descriptive analyses, links between distinct measures of creativity, and relations of between parents' and children's creativity are presented. Next, the same kinds of analyses are presented for tolerance of ambiguity measures.
In a third section, relations between creativity and tolerance of ambiguity are examined. For correlational analyses all effect sizes will be discussed according to Cohen's criteria Cohen, Potential correlation between these two measurements could be particularly influenced by this one common term. Principal Component Factor analysis indicates a 2 factor solution Kaiser criterion explaining After a Varimax rotation, the two factors accounted for Fluency and the ACL creative score loaded on the first factor.
Mean originality and story writing creativity ratings loaded on the second factor. The number of unique ideas loaded on both factors. These results suggest that divergent thinking, ACL creative score and story writing represents partially distinct facets of creativity. To examine relations between creativity of parents and creativity of their chil- dren, we conducted correlational analyses. Also we calculated a canonical correlation to examine the overall relation between all creativity mea- sures for parents and for adolescents.
The more parents are creative, the more their children tend to be as well. Factor analysis yields a one-factor solution Correlations are presented in table 5. The more individuals tolerate ambiguity, the more they generated ideas in a divergent thinking task involving an ambiguous stimulus. The number of unique ideas is also signifi- cantly linked to intolerance of ambiguity measured by the MAT. However, we may note that all these correlations present the same tendency: These results support our first hypothesis that the more individuals tolerate ambiguity, the more they tend to be creative.
To complete the examination of relations between tolerance of ambiguity and creativity, we calculated correlations between parents' tolerance of ambi- guity and adolescent's creativity.
There were no significant relations. Even though creativity of adolescents may be related to the creativity of their parents, it is not significantly related to parents' tolerance of ambiguity.
Creativity, intelligence, and personality. Annual Review of Psychology, 32, Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Ambiguity tolerance, communication, apprehension, task attraction, and individual productivity.
Small Group Behavior, 15, Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. A content correlational and factor analytic study of four tolerance of ambiguity questionnaires. Personality and Individual Differences, 16 3Personality and preference for surreal paintings. Personality and Individual Differences, ; 23, A review of the concept, its measurement and applications.
Current Psychology, 14, Psychological study of creativity. Psychological Bulletin, 60, La Psychologie de la Creativite [Psychology of creativity]. It is exactly this drive to know absolutely that can get in the way of innovation. It makes us inclined to latch on to an answer too quickly rather than live in the uncertainty for a bit longer to see if a more suitable or interesting response is still at hand.
Unknowingly, we trade possibility for certainty. We see it happen in our workshops. About halfway through, the organizers get restless, the participants appear fatigued, frustrated.
This, we remind ourselves, is the hurdle to cross — or to wait out, if you will. This is when we need tolerance for ambiguity. It also means accepting the fact that there might be numerous ways of answering the same question, each with different but potentially positive results.
In a study about the relationship of ambiguity tolerance and playfulness with creativity, the then Associate Professor at the University of Tennessee, Deborah Tegano, suggests that implicit in the description of ambiguity tolerance is its association with creativity: In other words, ambiguity tolerance may be a critical link in operationalizing a measurable and understandable personality trait which is central to creative thinking.
It makes sense that if you can stand to hover in the gray areas between black and white distinction, you might get to a more creative outcome. But how do you cultivate this tolerance for ambiguity? Stay neutral and suspend judgment. Delay, as long as you can, the expression of an opinion, positive or negative, about the topic of discussion or exploration.