BBC Bitesize - GCSE Religious Studies - Human sexuality and relationships - Revision 4
The relation between men and women in Islam was explained in details in the holy Quran and by Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. In Islam, women are not inferior or unequal to men. . This share depends on her degree of relationship to the deceased and the number of. This article is about gender roles in relationships between Islamic men and women, and their families. For related topics including Islamic women's clothing and.
Men and women are advised to abstain from indulging in indiscriminate sexual relationship for mere satisfaction of carnal desires.
Human sexuality and relationships
Marriage is the only acceptable means to indulge in sexual relationships, any other is considered as "Zina", one of the major sins in Islam.
In Islamic marital practices, the male pays a dower for his wife, which is one of the essentials of a valid marriage. Other essentials are the presence of witnesses and 'Waliy' guardian.
Muhammad was reported to have said: A Muslim marriage is a marriage is there usually solemnized in the mosque before an imam where guardians of both parties appear on their behalf usually that of the female and the marriage pronounced after payment of the Sadaq. It is not a contract that needs to be signed by the either of the parties. Sex is supposed to be shared between spouses a man and a woman.
Men are technically allowed to take more than one wife, up to four wives as long as he can provide for each wife equally and not differentiate between them in a practice known as polygamy. Polygamy, though technically legal, is not a recommended practice in Islamic culture.
Many sectors of the Islamic culture use the life of Muhammad as an example to live by and therefore a justification to polygamous marriages.
It is only allowed for men to have multiple wives. Women cannot have multiple husbands. Sexual affairs outside of marriage are prohibited in Islam, and result in severe punishment for the perpetrating husband or wife, upon rigid proof that they participated in an affair. The proof is given by four male witnesses or eight female witnesses with clean background histories i. Punishment for not being able to provide the required number of witnesses after accusing the defendants is eighty lashes of a whip.
The couple are given chances to plead for forgiveness to God before the punishment is carried out. If they do not, they will be punished. If both parties are married, they will both be stoned to death. If one is married, while the other is not, the former will be stoned until dead, and the latter will be given a hundred lashes. This brochure presents the actual teachings of Islam regarding the rights, roles, and responsibilities of women, with a special focus on gender equality in Islam.
At a time when female children were buried alive inArabiaand women were considered transferable property, Islam honored women in society by elevating them and protecting them with unprecedented rights.
Islam gave women the right to education, to marry someone of their choice, to retain their identity after marriage, to divorce, to work, to own and sell property, to seek protection by the law, to vote, and to participate in civic and political engagement. Muhammad pbuh called people towards the belief in one God and encouraged them to be just and merciful to one another. In reforming the pagan Arab society, he particularly transformed their mindset regarding the treatment of women.
Islam abolished the practice of killing female children and raised the stature of women in society to one of dignity, esteem, and privilege. God devotes an entire chapter of the Quran, the holy book of Islam, to women.
In addition, God directly addresses women repeatedly throughout the Quran. Islam proclaims that all human beings, men and women, are born in a pure state. The goal of every Muslim is to preserve this purity by shunning evil tendencies and beautifying their inner being with virtuous traits.
Islam further confirms that both men and women are equal in the sight of God.
God created men and women with unique physiological and psychological attributes. In Islam, these differences are embraced as vital components to a healthy family and community structure with each individual contributing their own distinctive talents to society. For example, God commanded women to cover certain parts of their body, including their hair, to preserve their modesty. Men are also required to cover parts of their body out of modesty, but not in the same way as women.
Therefore, God commanded both men and women to be modest; yet, the manner in which they observe it is different. Similarly, the rights, roles, and responsibilities of women are evenly balanced with those of men but are not necessarily the same.
As Islam has granted individual identities to men and women, a constant comparison between the two is futile. Each plays a unique role to mutually uphold social morality and societal balance. It addresses some common misconceptions and provides insight into the diverse roles and responsibilities women fulfill in society. It is true that, overall, classical and traditional exegesis does acknowledge a certain spiritual equality between men and women as a foundation of Islam.
This spiritual equality is based essentially on the practice of worship and on rewards and punishments in the hereafter. But this is the only equality that is recognized, since most commentators try to find a religious compromise between gender equality in worship practices and traditional gender hierarchy and complementarity, which are the norm in most cases. This complementarity has always been understood as a manifestation of the classical division of roles in the family, but also in public life, where women were always confined to secondary, subordinate roles compared to those assigned to men.
Thus most scholars have interpreted this verse as yet another one about spiritual equality, especially in worship ibadatnot least because the rest of the verse does mention prayer and almsgiving.
Gender roles in Islam - Wikipedia
Yet this verse contains a prescription of paramount importance that constitutes its core: The commentators are nearly unanimous that this injunction is part of an overall political and social agenda that exhorts the Muslims to spread ethical values and respect for others, to be open to the world, to be on a permanent quest for knowledge, to act in the common interest, to be intelligent and denounce injustice in any form, and never to be silent in the face of social and political oppression and discrimination.
But it is surprising to find that this same command, when found in the verse about wilayah and the alliance between men and women, does not generally give rise to the same commentaries. Sayed Muhammed Hussein Fadlallahthe Lebanese scholar, in his interpretation of this verse speaks: As a result of this analysis of the different interpretations of this verse, we can clearly infer its egalitarian nature regarding men and women, especially in the socio-political sphere.
It seeks to inaugurate a new conception of relations between men and women, including equal participation in political decision making.The Forgotten Will_ The Islamic perspective on the couple
Through a contextualized reading, we can also integrate this concept of wilayah into a framework for equal citizenship, as suggested by modern democratic ideals.