Odyssey: The Relationship Between Telemachus and Odysseus
Why does Athena want to help Odysseus and Telemachus? If Athena is powerful enough to What sort of relationship do Menelaus and Helen have? Who is smarter, Helen or .. Odysseus prepares to visit his father, Laertes. XXIV. Warriors. May 21, today, it seems that father-son relationships have drifted apart; a father still Laertes yearns for his son to come home, as Anticleia, Odysseus's. The epic ends with Laertes, Odysseus, and Telemachus standing side by side, preparing to battle the suitors' relatives. Fortunately, though, goddess Athena.
What is the situation in Ithaca? Know the location of Ithaca, Pylos, Sparta, and Troy. What are the rules for treating guests in Homer? Look, for example, at the way Telemachus, unlike the suitors, treats the disguised Athena in Book 1. If Penelope is so faithful to Odysseus, why does she lead the suitors on? What woman would wait twenty years, crying over a man she believes is dead, when she has hundreds of suitors? She wants Odysseus home as much as he.
Describe Telemachus at the beginning of the Odyssey. We hear the story of Orestes, Aegisthus, Agamemnon, and Clytemnestra from several different sources. What do they have to do with the story of Telemachus and Odysseus? Back in Ithaca, the suitors realize that Telemachus has left and plot to slay him. Sweet Nymph and Open Sea. Zeus sends Hermes to Calypso, commanding her to release Odysseus. He swims to Scheria, the island of the Phaeacians. The Princess at the River.
Odysseus is rescued by Nausicaa, the Phaeacian princess, who is washing clothes on the shore.
Father-Son Relationships in The Odyssey by Jessica Randolph on Prezi
Her father, King Alcinous, welcomes him. What sort of relationship do Menelaus and Helen have? Who is smarter, Helen or Menelaus? Why does Helen put a drug in the wine—to be deceitful or to relax everyone? Why does Eidothea help Menelaus deceive her father, Proteus?
Why did Aegisthus kill Agamemnon, knowing he was going to die if he did? Does Telemachus change as a result of his experiences in the early part of the Odyssey? Why does Menelaus rejoice when Telemachus turns down the gift of horses?
What characteristics of the Odyssey come from the oral tradition? Books 1 and 5 open with a council of the gods. What is the main item on the agenda in the two books?
Why would there be two such similar incidents? The first time we actually see Odysseus, in Book 5, he is weeping. What is he weeping about? Why does Calypso want Odysseus? What does this action tell us about him? If you die out at sea, is your soul ever put to rest?
This question comes to mind because a proper burial becomes an exceedingly unlikely event if a ship is sunk. Why does Nausicaa help Odysseus, a man she has never met before? King Alcinous and his queen, Arete, host a feast for Odysseus. The Songs of the Harper. Odysseus participates in Phaeacian games and is asked at the subsequent feast to tell his story and his name.
The flashback in which Odysseus relates his adventures begins.
Book 9 recounts the raid on the Cicones, the visit to the island of the Lotus-Eaters, and the encounter with Polyphemus, the Cyclops, son of Poseidon. Odysseus blinds the Cyclops and, in a flash of hubris, shouts his name as he sails away. Thus, Odysseus earns the hatred of Poseidon, which afflicts him throughout this remaining journey.
Why does Nausicaa tell Odysseus to ask her mother for help? What is the role of women in Phaeacia? What kind of hosts are the Phaeacians? Why are they going overboard to impress Odysseus? Why does Broadsea insult Odysseus? What attitude toward bards does the poem reflect? Why does Demodocus tell the story about Ares and Aphrodite?
Is the story serious or comic? Why does Odysseus weep when he hears the story about the Trojan War? Why does he ask to hear the story about the Trojan horse when he already knows the story and knows hearing it will make him sad? Why does Odysseus venture over to the island of the Cyclops? Besides his resourcefulness, what qualities in Odysseus are revealed by the encounter with Polyphemus?
Is there a reason, other than to tease, why Odysseus yells back at Polyphemus? After all, Odysseus is endangering his crew. How can the Cyclops see where to throw the boulders?
The Grace of the Witch. Aeolus, the god of winds, tries to aid Odysseus with a bag of winds. Odysseus actually sails within sight of Ithaca but is blown back to sea when a disobedient crew member opens the bag from Aeolus. Circe tells Odysseus he must journey to the underworld to visit prophet Tiresias. A Gathering of Shades. In Hades, Odysseus receives the prophecy of Tiresias. He also speaks to the ghosts of his mother, Agamemnon, and Achilles.
Sea Perils and Defeat. He passes the threat of the Sirens and sails between Scylla and Charybdis. Odysseus falls asleep, and his crew eat the forbidden cattle of the sun god.
Odysseus loses his last ship and all of his crew members. He is rescued by Calypso, who offers him immortality but keeps him with her for seven years until commanded to let him go. In Book 10, when actually within sight of Ithaca, Odysseus falls asleep, with the result that his men open the bag of winds, and everyone is blown far away.
What does this passage tell us about Odysseus and his relationship with his crew? When Odysseus returns, why does Aeolus Hippotades turn him away so rudely?
Why does Odysseus send out men and not go himself to find out what race of men lived in Laestrygonia? How is it that Odysseus escapes, while most of his men die?
Why is Odysseus so harsh towards Eurylochus? What is different about the way that Odysseus overcomes the danger posed by Circe from the way he manages to survive other dangers?
Why does Hermes save Odysseus from Circe and not from Calypso? Why is it necessary that Odysseus go to bed with Circe? If Odysseus is in such a hurry to get home, why does a shipmate have to remind him to head for home?
Laertes - Wikipedia
Odysseus comes off as a man unfrightened by anything. Why is he scared of the souls who approach him? How do the Greeks seem to view death? Why is it so important for Elpenor to have his body buried? Why does Agamemnon not know his killer is dead? If Odysseus knows the future, why not just avoid the bad things? Why does Odysseus have to go to the land of the dead to hear the prophecy from Tiresias when Circe knew it?
How does Odysseus escape the various dangers—from the sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis? Does he show good leadership? What do some of the adventures that Odysseus describes have in common?
Are there repeating patterns? What is an archetype? All the adventures that Odysseus describes happened before he was washed ashore on Phaeacia. Why does Homer tell the story this way, especially when the time order is thereby confused? Alcinous provides Odysseus with gifts and a ship and crew to return to Ithaca.
According to the most aggressive of the suitors, Antinous, Penelope has persevered against the invaders for about four years 2. Odysseus' perseverance is legendary, especially in the section of the epic involving his wanderings Books Through the use of guile, courage, strength, and determination, he endures. Perhaps the most difficult test of his perseverance as well as his loyalty is the seven years he spends as Calypso's captive, a situation he can neither trick nor fight his way out.
Even when the beautiful goddess-nymph tempts him with immortality, Odysseus yearns for home. Vengeance Poseidon and Odysseus are the most noticeable representatives of the theme of vengeance. In order to escape from the cave of the Cyclops PolyphemusOdysseus blinds the one-eyed giant Book 9.
Unfortunately, the Cyclops is the sea god Poseidon's son; Odysseus has engaged a formidable enemy. Poseidon can't kill Odysseus because the Fates have determined that he will make it home. However, the sea god can help to fulfill his son's wish that Odysseus should arrive in Ithaca late, broken, and alone, his shipmates lost, and his household in turmoil 9.
In one of the more controversial sections of the epic, Poseidon takes his frustration out on the Phaeacians whose only offense is following their tradition of hospitality by sailing Odysseus home Odysseus' vengeance is formidable when it is directed toward the suitors and his disloyal servants. He demonstrates impressive tolerance as he endures, in disguise, the insults and assaults of the suitor Antinous, the goatherd Melanthius, and the maidservant Melantho, for example. Each will die a gruesome death.
In a surprise attack Book 22Odysseus kills the suitors' leader, Antinous, first with an arrow through the throat; he then kills smooth-talking Eurymachus, the other leading suitor, with an arrow in the liver. Melanthius and Melantho die more slowly after the slaughter of the suitors. Odysseus is avenging the suitors' lack of respect for and the servants' lack of loyalty to his office, his property, and his family. Reality The theme of appearance versus reality is at the core of the relationship between Athena and Odysseus.
Athena is the maven of makeovers. Her most memorable illusions in The Odyssey are disguises for herself or Odysseus. At the beginning of the epic, she appears to Telemachus as Mentes, king of the Taphians, an old friend of his father who has just stopped to visit in Ithaca.
This allows her to encourage the prince and lead him into an expository discussion of the problems in the palace. However, she most famously appears to Telemachus as Mentor, an Ithacan adviser who helps to protect the prince from the murderous suitors and to guide him through his coming of age. On several occasions, Athena changes Odysseus' appearance, either to disguise him or make him look even more formidable than he normally would.
As Odysseus prepares for a banquet in his honor with the Phaeacians 8. When Odysseus returns to Ithaca in Book 13 of The Odyssey, Athena disguises him as an old beggar, even going so far as to shrivel his skin, remove the "russet curls" Of course, Odysseus is no stranger to disguise. During the Trojan War, he posed as a beggar to enter the city; he also initiated the ruse of the giant wooden horse filled with Greek soldiers, a story retold by the bard Demodocus, not realizing that the hero himself is present, during the visit to Phaeacia 8.
The recognition scenes with Odysseus' three family members on Ithaca provide significant and sometimes controversial twists on the theme of appearance vs.
He appears to his son, Telemachus, as a beggar who is visiting the family's pig farm. When they can be alone, Athena alters Odysseus' appearance to something so impressive that the prince wonders if he might not be a god.
At the palace, the faithful nurse Eurycleia privately identifies Odysseus when she recognizes a scar on his leg as she bathes him; however, she vows to keep the news to herself. Whether Penelope recognizes her husband, on the other hand, is a matter of dispute.
Although at times she seems to suspect who he is, she does not officially accept him — though he wins the contest of the giant bow Book 21 and slays the suitors Book 22 — until he reveals his knowledge of their wedding bed.
The meeting between Odysseus and his father, Laertes, Book 24 is also somewhat controversial. Some critics argue that Odysseus, in maintaining his disguise, is needlessly cruel to the old man; others conclude that he helps to restore his father to dignity. Athena admires Odysseus' craft and guile, saying that even a god would have to be "some champion lying cheat" Deception, illusion, lying and trickery often are thought to be admirable traits in The Odyssey.
It's easy to see why Odysseus is her favorite mortal. Spiritual Growth One of the questions often asked about a work of literature is whether the principal characters grow or develop as the story progresses.
The theme of spiritual growth is central to The Odyssey, especially as it relates to Telemachus and Odysseus. When the epic opens, Telemachus is at a loss as to how to deal with the suitors who have taken over his home and seek the hand of his mother in marriage for primarily political reasons. His own life is in danger; as a pretender to the crown, he is nothing more than so much excess baggage to the men who would be king. Telemachus needs to grow up fast. He faces various barriers, falters temporarily, but eventually prevails.
With Athena's help, Telemachus calls an assembly meeting of Ithaca's leaders and confronts the suitors. Although he speaks well, he finds very little realistic support in the community; nonetheless, he has taken the first step toward maturity.
At the courts of these great men, Telemachus learns more about himself and how a prince should comport himself than he does about Odysseus.