Brigham and Joseph - new-era
He also said Lincoln and Joseph Smith were in the Illinois State Capitol on LDS Church President Brigham Young made unfavorable comments in , about four years before he did Lincoln's sealing work in the temple. Brigham Young was born four years before the Prophet Joseph Smith. I did not go bareheaded previous to that time, neither did I call on my father to buy me “ Brigham met eighteen-year-old Miriam Angeline Works, whose family lived near . The two latter-day prophets finally met in , shortly after Brigham Young's baptism. Brigham, too, was aware that Joseph was indeed human, a man he could Joseph Smith, the Prophet, as an instrument in the hands of God, is the.
Soon after the declaration of war, the United States Army was charged with conquering all of this western territory. Polk did not want the migrating Latter-day Saints to align themselves with the British in the Oregon territory or to play any antagonistic role in the expansion of the United States. The government, therefore, determined that the Saints should be invited to raise volunteers to serve in the war with Mexico.
This would help keep the Saints aligned with the United States. The feelings of the Saints were not as negative as the U. President Brigham Young recognized that this situation provided an opportunity to show loyalty to the United States and to earn desperately needed capital for the exodus. It also provided a rationale for establishing temporary settlements.
President Young spoke to the Saints and tried to clear their minds of prejudice against the federal government and told them that this was the first offer they had received from the government that could benefit them.
Soon many Latter-day Saints recognized the opportunity and volunteered for the battalion. They had marched 2, miles.
After arriving in California, the battalion served as occupation troops with garrison duty in the San Diego and Los Angeles areas. After they were discharged in California, many battalion members continued to send money they earned from other jobs to their families. It was decided that a pioneer company consisting of handpicked men would travel to the Great Salt Lake Basin.
This group would include mechanics, teamsters, hunters, frontiersmen, carpenters, sailors, soldiers, accountants, bricklayers, blacksmiths, wagon makers, and so forth. This group was prepared to blaze a trail that the other Saints would follow to the West. Wherever possible, they followed existing roads and trails.
From there they crossed to the south side of the Platte and followed the Oregon Trail for almost miles to Fort Bridger; then they continued south on the Reid-Donner Trail into the Salt Lake Valley.
During the final phase of the trek, which was the roughest section of the trip, President Young contracted mountain fever and the company split into three groups: Wilford Woodruff drove President Young in his carriage. They looked to the future as they gazed over the valley. He had seen the valley before in vision, and upon this occasion he saw the future glory of Zion and of Israel, as they would be, planted in the valleys of these mountains.
This is the right place. Between two forks of City Creek, he designated the lot where the temple would stand. He Was a Great Leader and Colonizer With authority from God, President Brigham Young led the Saints west, directed the exploration and settlement of vast areas, founded towns and cities, and made peace with the Indians.
He started schools and established roadways, transportation systems, telegraph lines, irrigation, farming, industries, and mercantile institutions. He directed the ever-expanding missionary program and presided as the first territorial governor of Utah. This master craftsman and builder had been given the perfect blueprints from which to work—nothing less than the heavenly order of the kingdom of God.
It was not his executive ability alone that endeared him to his family and the Saints.
He was an exemplary father, always demonstrating kindness and concern. Working alongside the Saints and his family, he chopped wood, cut timber, made bridges, cleared land, and built roads.
During the exodus he was the first up in the morning and the last to retire at night, always making the rounds to see that all were as comfortable as possible. But above all, he was a prophet of God. He could rebuke, yet love and inspire, demand and give, lead and follow.
The courage and humor with which he faced trials served as an anchor and a model for the persecuted and weary Saints. After much discussion and prayer, it was finally moved and approved that Brigham Young be sustained as President of the Church and that he nominate two counselors to serve with him in the First Presidency. Kimball and Willard Richards as his counselors.
That same day, during general conference, he said: I have not inquired what kind of a Temple we should build. Because it was represented before me.
I have never looked upon that ground, but the vision of it was there. Exactly forty years from the day the cornerstones were laid, President Wilford Woodruff, the fourth President of the Church, had that responsibility.
Fifty thousand Latter-day Saints filled Temple Square and the adjoining streets on that occasion. He told the Saints that many years before in a [dream] Brigham Young had given him the keys of the temple and told him to dedicate it to the Lord. In his opening remarks President Woodruff prophesied that from that time the power of Satan would be broken and his power over the Saints diminished, and there would be an increased interest in the gospel message.
Cowley, Wilford Woodruff— A pattern for a large, dome-shaped house of worship was vivid in his mind. President Young called into his office Henry Grow, who was a master mechanic and an experienced millwright. President Young had recently seen him complete a wooden arch bridge, with no center supports, over the Jordan River. Folsom, the construction of the Tabernacle began during the spring of By the fall ofthe Tabernacle and its organ was completed enough to be used at the October conference.
Bythe organ and many of the inside fixtures were finished. The gallery was started in He said of his younger days: It burned in my bones like fire pent up. As the prophet, seer, and revelator, his desire continued to burn with perhaps even more intensity.
He was determined to do everything possible to bring to fruition all that the Lord wanted done in the last days. President Young insisted on continuing the expenditure of time and money to complete the Nauvoo Temple.
Brigham and Joseph
Some of the Saints thought this impractical since it was apparent that the Saints would not be able to enjoy the temple for very long. But President Young knew that from that temple, even though it would be used only briefly, would come the power necessary for the Saints to make the sacrifices and endure the hardships required during the exodus. By completing the temple, he demonstrated a balance and blend of the practical, the spiritual, and the perspective of the eternal.
In wearing many different hats—prophet, businessman, governor, and family patriarch—he saw his task and goal to be to promote the temporal and spiritual welfare of his people. Gradually one valley after another received its portion of colonists, the growth being mainly southward during the first period, as the climate in that direction was thought to be more favorable for agriculture than that northward.
The settlements clustered mainly east and south of the Great Salt Lake, of the Jordan River, and of Utah Lake, with a line of communities running in a southwest direction from Juab County [in the middle west of the state] to the southwest corner of Utah.
Besides these main groups of colonies, a number of Mormons were living in Sanpete County [in the middle of the state] and in [other] outposts. Most of the towns built by the Mormons were within a rectangular district miles long by miles wide, omitting the Arizona settlements. However, some were as distant as 1, miles east of Salt Lake City in Iowa and Nebraska; San Bernardino[, California,] was about miles southwest of the parent colony, while Fort Lemhi was located in northern Idaho.
Hunter, Brigham Young, the Colonizer , —55, The Perpetual Emigrating Fund Was Established The Perpetual Emigrating Fund was established in to assist those Saints who needed financial help as they gathered to the West from many places throughout the world.
In an general epistle to the Church, the First Presidency stated: Therefore let not the Saints stay their hands, but let books be opened, and donations be received by the Presidents of all the various missions of the Latter-day Saints upon the whole earth, to help the Perpetual Emigrating Fund, and the Saints to come home.
In all things, Brigham Young did what Joseph asked. He also continued to observe the Prophet closely and to learn from him. After three years of such devoted and intimate discipleship in Nauvoo, Brigham Young was qualified to lead when the Prophet was murdered in Driven not by ambition but by a desire to serve the Lord and His prophet, he seems not to have contemplated life without Joseph. His fondest wish was to serve Joseph, not to succeed him.
For Brigham Young, as for many of the Saints, the death of Joseph Smith was an unexpected blow and a great personal loss. Intellectually and spiritually Brigham came to understand that it was necessary for the martyrs to seal their testimony with their blood, but emotionally, accepting the loss took a very long time.
Perhaps he even blamed himself. Even years afterward he insisted that if the Twelve had been in Nauvoo they might have prevented the tragedy, for they would not have let Joseph and Hyrum go back to Nauvoo and into the hands of enemies. Shocked by the terrible news, Brigham smashed his hand against his leg in dismay—not just at the loss of a friend and prophet but at the loss of the keys Joseph possessed.
For the first time in my life for the first time in your lives. And for the first time are you Called to walk by faith not by sight. For always before you have had a Prophet as the mouth of the Lord to speak to you. But he has sealed his testimony with his Blood. The Prophet Joseph has lade the foundation for a great work, and we will build upon it. I will ask who has stood next to Joseph and Hiram? I have and I will stand next to him. We have a head and that head is the Twelve and we can now begin to see the necessity of the Apostleship.
The Twelve are appointed by the finger of God! Here is Brigham have his knees ever faltered? Have his lips ever quivered?
Did he ever flinch before the bullets in Missouri? Here are Twelve, an independent body who have the keys of the Priesthood, the keys of the Kingdom to deliver to all the world. This is true So help me God.
Minutes of a Special Meeting The vote of course, was nearly unanimous for the Twelve and the keys of the priesthood which they held. Brigham Young summarized the day in his journal: To apostates and dissenters, Brigham Young had but one message: Joseph lived and died a Prophet. He was not fallen or rejected of God but inspired to the end. The priorities established by Joseph Smith, including both finished the Nauvoo Temple and moving West, governed the actions of the Twelve under Brigham Young.
In the meantime, when Illinois canceled the Nauvoo Charters, even the city—renamed the City of Joseph—became a memorial to the fallen prophet.
Even though the Prophet had set the priorities, had left the Twelve keys of authority, and had instructed them in many particulars, new circumstances soon brought new questions. In the past Joseph himself had fielded such questions, but what now? By Januaryfor example, it began to appear that the Saints could not finish the temple without bloodshed.
Joseph and Brigham had both declared that the temple was so important that they would finish it, if necessary, as had Israel anciently, with a sword in one hand and a trowel in the other. But facing the real probability of violence occasioned second thoughts: And what about the West? The Prophet Joseph had long looked toward moving the Church to a place of refuge in the West, where, isolated from enemies, it could mature in safety.
The when was clear: From Joseph Smith and his own prayer and study Brigham Young understood generally, but the Prophet had left no detailed blueprint, let alone a map.Mormon Missionaries: Brigham Young - The Book of Mormon
Where in that vast wilderness of the Rocky Mountains and Great Basin was the right place, and how would they find it? Again, with Joseph gone, Brigham had no where to turn but to the Lord. After fasting and much prayer in his temple office, Brigham Young received a vision. Revelation was essential if the church were to survive, of course, and Brigham Young knew that he and his brethren held the necessary keys and that the Lord would not abandon them.
Still, the confidence that God was with them did not take away the pain of losing Joseph as leader, counselor, and friend. In his new responsibilities more than ever, Brigham Young felt the loss of Joseph to whom he had long turned for advice. And now, amidst difficulties, in addition to seeking guidance and blessings of the Lord, Brigham longed the more for the Prophet.
Not surprisingly, on more than one occasion his friend and spiritual mentor continued to counsel and comfort him through dreams and visions. Finishing the temple, preparing for a move to the West, the providing daily guidance and leadership occupied every waking moment. At this time, when he especially needed such counsel, he noted in his journal: The most dramatic and important such experience occurred in Winter Quarters, Februaryless than two months before President Young set out for the Rockies.
Moving the Saints across Iowa had required more time and resources than Brigham Young had ever imagined. For a time it seemed as if the whole Church was mired, both literally and metaphorically, hub-deep in the spring prairie mud.
The experience overwhelmed him, drained him and forced him to confront his own and all human limitations. And he longed for Joseph to counsel him and to reassure the people.
However, it was not given him to immediately remember the details of what he saw there: Revived and returned to his bed, Brigham Young fell asleep and dreamed, and when he awoke, he called for writing materials. I then said to him I due not like to be a way from you.
Though Brigham Young spoke of this several times in the weeks remaining before heading for the Rockies see Fieldinghe did not elaborate on its meaning to him. Discouragement fled as winter passed into spring and the tempo of preparations for departure to the Rockies increased. Though still burdened by the demands of leadership and the magnitude of the challenge, Brigham was again at peace within. Ill in July and unable to accompany the first pioneers into the Valley, President Young left them detailed instructions to find the best spot in the northern end of the valley they could and then, in order to save the seed, to plant without delay.
Although he came into the valley on 24 July, he made no public comment about the location until, on 27 July he dragged himself, still ill, to the top of what is now known as Ensign peak. From that perspective he could see with his eyes the scene he had seen in Nauvoo in vision, confirming that they had truly found the right place. Both to the original pioneers and to later Saints, Brigham Young made it clear that they had reached the place Joseph had looked forward to and where he had longed to be.
Fulfilling his temple-related mission required a temple on a smaller scale that could be built more quickly and St. George filled the requirement.
In earlyjust months before his death, he there completed his temple-related responsibilities—and one more commitment to Joseph. In a sweeping reorganization, he revitalized the Church from top to bottom, putting in place dozens of new leaders and also more complete organization and procedures that would help govern the Church for a century see Hartley. This, too, he saw as connected to temple and to the mission and responsibility given him by Joseph Smith.
That done, he was ready to meet both his Mentor and his Maker. According to his daughter Zina who was present, on 23 AugustBrigham Young quietly passed away after looking upward and saying the words: Throughout his life Brigham Young defended the character and testified of the uprightness of Joseph Smith.
Smith, 1 Jun In this age when public figures so often fail to measure up in their private lives, the testimony of an intimate friend like Brigham Young is significant: As private friend and public associate, Brigham Young knew Joseph Smith as well as any man—a fact that adds weight to his testimony of Joseph as Prophet of God.
Bibliography Esplin, Ronald K. Two years later, he was baptized into the Mormon church, and the same year went to Canada as a missionary. Ina recent widower, he led several friends and much of his family to join Joseph Smith and the gathering of Zion in Kirtland, Ohio.
PBS - THE WEST - Brigham Young
The rest of Young's life was spent in service to the Mormon Church. He went to Missouri in when hostile gentiles non-Mormons threatened the Mormon community there, traveled the eastern states as a missionary, and staunchly supported Joseph Smith when the Kirtland settlement foundered in The next year he followed Smith to Missouri, and when anti-Mormon mobs drove the community out, helped organize the move to Nauvoo, Illinois.
Young carried the Mormon message to England ingaining many converts among the urban working class. Byhis devotion had so impressed Joseph Smith that he was made the President of the Quorum of Twelve Apostles, the governing body of the church, second in authority only to Smith himself. When Joseph Smith was murdered by an anti-Mormon mob inBrigham Young was on the East Coast gathering converts and raising money for the construction of an enormous temple in Nauvoo.
On his return, Young played a critical role in keeping the savagely persecuted church together by organizing the exodus that would take the Mormons westward, first to Winter Quarters, Nebraska, inand finally on to Utah's Salt Lake Valleywhere Young and an advance party arrived on July 24, Here Young hoped the Mormons would at last find the freedom to worship and live as their faith decreed. Late in his leadership was confirmed when he was named president and prophet of the church, inheriting the authority of Joseph Smith.
Young met the challenge of making a new life in Utah by expanding the role and responsiblities of his church. Through the church he directed political decision-making, economic development, cultural affairs, law enforcement and education.
To strengthen the church and its authority within Utah, Young constantly encouraged emigration, offering to finance wagon trains and, for a time, furnishing converts with handcarts so they could make the 1, mile trek on foot. Young also sought to broaden the scope of church authority by establishing Mormon colonies throughout Utah and in the neighboring Arizona, Nevada and Idaho territories.
- 18. Discipleship: Brigham Young and Joseph Smith
- Brigham Young
- 8. Six Days in August: Brigham Young and the Succession Crisis of 1844