Castro's advice to Khrushchev - The Global Cold War
The untold story of how Lisa Howard's intimate diplomacy with Cuba's he had received from the “brilliant” Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev. . National Security Archive Lisa Howard Collection; Alamy; ABC promotional; TV Guide the Lisa Howard-Fidel Castro connection in the mids, when he. actions and policies of Khrushchev, Castro, and Kennedy were inexorable in guidance and advice throughout this project and in the classroom are .. Cuban relationship as well as the roles and motivations of both Fidel Castro and Nikita. Primary Source Document - Fidel Castro's letter to Nikita Khrushchev regarding an aggressive What is the relationship like between Castro and Khrushchev?.
I would like to briefly express my own personal opinion. If the second variant option takes place and the imperialists invade Cuba with the aim of occupying it, the dangers of their aggressive policy are so great that after such an invasion the Soviet Union must never allow circumstances in which the imperialists could carry out a nuclear first strike against it.
I tell you this because I believe that the imperialists' aggressiveness makes them extremely dangerous, and that if they manage to carry out an invasion of Cuba--a brutal act in violation of universal and moral law--then that would be the moment to eliminate this danger forever, in an act of the most legitimate self-defense. However harsh and terrible the solution, there would be no other. This opinion is shaped by observing the development of their aggressive policy.
The imperialists, without regard for world opinion and against laws and principles, have blockaded the seas, violated our air-space, and are preparing to invade, while at the same time blocking any possibility of negotiation, even though they understand the gravity of the problem.
The Secrets of the Cold War – Khrushchev’s Strategy in Cuba - Defence Matters
I convey to you the infinite gratitude and recognition of the Cuban people to the Soviet people, who have been so generous and fraternal, along with our profound gratitude and admiration to you personally. We wish you success with the enormous task and great responsibilities which are in your hands. What was Castro proposing Khrushchev do in the event the U. What did Castro mean after the quote in 1 when he said, "an act of the most legitimate self-defense"? What is the relationship like between Castro and Khrushchev?
The Secrets of the Cold War – Khrushchev’s Strategy in Cuba
How do you know from the text? What is Castro's view of the United States? What might cause him to feel this way? Document Comparison - Primary Source 2 - In Februarytwo months after being elected, Castro gave an interview to members of the American Society of Newspaper Editors, an organization that represents the editors of U. Below is an excerpt. What is your opinion of the U. I am not an American citizen. I have no right to speak about the political situation. But if you ask me about Cuba, I think now it is not a bad policy.
This time I think the U. Everybody says he is a good Ambassador and I feel the attitude is not against us politically. Really the official policies as I think now and observe is of friendship.
For 13 days in October, the world stood on the brink of nuclear Armageddon until Kennedy offered Khrushchev a secret deal: With Castro furious at Khrushchev for removing the weapons without consulting him, some Kennedy officials saw the opportunity to entice Castro back into the Western orbit; the CIA, however, was determined to continue efforts to overthrow him.
Cuba was a major news story. But with tensions running high, the embargo in place and no direct travel between the two countries, few establishment reporters could gain access to the country, let alone an interview with its fiery leader. Howard had tried and failed to obtain an interview with Castro twice in the early s, and after the missile crisis she made another attempt.
After months of her cajoling, the Cuban mission in New York finally granted Howard a visa to travel to Havana in early April Castro ignored her for several weeks as he finished negotiations with New York lawyer James Donovan for the release of U. He arrived at midnight on April 21, and the two talked until almost 6 a. But Fidel enjoyed the conversation immensely.
In the early hours of April 24, with Cuban Communist Party cameras rolling at the Riviera, Howard put a series of forceful questions to the Cuban comandante: When had he become a communist? Did he ask Khrushchev for the nuclear missiles? Why were hundreds of thousands of Cubans fleeing to Florida? There were lighter moments, too.
Castro asked Howard whether her bright blond hair color was natural. And then came the showstopper: Under what conditions might he support a rapprochement with Washington? Castro cited his successful talks with Donovan on the prisoner release as a positive step forward. My faith in the form of a letter, which, if revealed, could destroy me in the United States.
- The Cuban Missile Crisis
- The Cold War 1958-1970
National Security Files, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library; Howard letter: Let flow in the most untrammeled way the goodness that is your substance and can be your salvation. But I shall try to help. I am who I am and you are Fidel Castro and for us, at this moment in history, nothing personal could be realized.
No matter … our personal desires are not important. He asked me if I know what day this is. I sing to him. I say, yes, if he will let me do a daily television news show. He says Okay if every day I report Marxist and Leninist propaganda. I tell him he should write an article for Life explaining in great detail why Cuba did as she did—why the expropriation—what [Cuba] hopes to do in the future etc, -- He says: We talk of Goldwater. I think he looks very nice.
She used the positive news coverage of her ABC interview to argue that public opinion was not opposed to better relations with Cuba, and even presented a list of potential intermediaries who could facilitate talks with Castro—including herself. Government with two facts: Castro is ready to discuss rapprochement and she herself is ready to discuss it with him if asked to do so by the U.
Howard also typed out a page brief to Kennedy himself, elaborating on what Castro had told her during their conversations in Havana and attempting to obtain a meeting. But she would not be ignored, nor denied.
At left, Howard is pictured with then-Senator John F. Kennedy at the Democratic National Convention. On September 12, he called her, and together they set in motion a plan of action. First, Attwood approached U. Then, Howard approached Lechuga in the U. A cocktail party at her East 74th Street town house would serve as cover for the two diplomats to meet. Off in a corner of the living room, Attwood and Lechuga discussed how negotiations between their two hostile countries might be initiated.
When Attwood arrived at midnight on the evening of November 18 for the call, Howard greeted him wearing a lavish dressing gown. As she dialed Cuba again and again, attempting to track down Vallejo, they listened to jazz, drank bourbon and discussed French philosophers.
In her diary, Howard recorded this dramatic turning point in her protracted efforts to connect Washington and Havana: Placed at least seven calls. And there was that white phone—mute—tense … our link to our secret and oh-so-longed for mission. We do have a deep common bond. An inexorable conviction that this can be an honorable rapprochement between Cuba and the U. This was the moment Howard had long awaited.
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That first halting step. Contact has been established! A long, frustrating, tension-filled, but exciting experience lies ahead. Howard, Castro and a handful of U.
She persuaded her superiors at ABC to let her return to Cuba to do another TV special—this time on life under the revolution. When she informed the new administration about her trip, White House staff responded that they would be interested in what Castro had to say. She was a diplomat—albeit a self-appointed one. While filming the new TV special, she would also be strategizing with Castro about how to renew his delicate diplomacy with President Lyndon B.
There was another reason she was eager to be in Havana. As much as Howard believed Castro was a dictator, the overwhelming public adoration he generated impressed her.
There is no doubt in my mind that the emotion Fidel inspires in all women is sheer undiluted sexual desire. He is the most physical animal man I have ever known. One night, Howard returned to her suite and burst into tears, torn between her feelings for the man and her distaste for his revolution. And why do I feel that I must? Yet I guess what keeps me involved is that down deep I believe that if I could convince him of the truth … of the despair and agony and chaos he has brought to this Island … he would change.
During their formal ABC interview in the wee hours of February 13, Howard posed a question to which she already knew the answer: What leads you to believe that? I do not want to speak about now. The Cuban leader lay down on the sofa and put his head in her lap.
Lounging on the couch, they strategized about how to entice Johnson to finish the dialogue Kennedy had started. The United States would stop backing sabotage raids into Cuba led by Cuban exiles in Florida and halt its effort to roll back the Cuban revolution. In return, Cuba would end its efforts to export revolution to other areas of Latin America.
Castro also said he would do what he could to ensure Johnson was elected in Novemberrather than face the prospect of a hard-line Republican such as Senator Barry Goldwater as president.