The Difference between Hydrolysis and Dehydration Synthesis. Biosynthesis is essential in all living organisms – it is the integration of life. Water is an important component of cellular processes. Two of these processes, dehydration and hydrolysis, help your body build large. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Acid Hydrolysis and Dehydration Reactions for Relating wood chemistry and strength: Part II. fundamental relationships.
Therefore, the final products of dehydration synthesis reactions are always complex compounds than that of the reactants.
Dehydration synthesis reaction is a type of synthesis reaction since a large molecule is produced. These dehydration synthesis reactions can also be named as condensation reactions since condensation refers to the formation of water molecules. Therefore, dehydration synthesis occurs between molecules having a hydroxyl —OH group and a proton that are available to be released.
In chemical synthesis processes, dehydration synthesis is used to obtain larger molecules through releasing water molecules. For example, the reaction between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid may produce an esterreleasing a water molecule as the byproduct.
Dehydration/ Hydrolysis Reactions
Here, the —OH group of the carboxylic acid is released and the —H atom bonded to the oxygen of alcohol is also released. Therefore, these two —OH group and —H group combine to form a water molecule.
Esterification In biological systems, the terms glycosidic bonds and peptide bonds are often used to describe the bonding between molecules. Glycosidic bonds are formed as a result of the reaction between two monosaccharides releasing a water molecule whereas peptide bonds are formed as a result of the reaction between two amino acids releasing a water molecule.
Therefore, these are condensation or dehydration synthesis reactions. What is Hydrolysis Hydrolysis is cleavage of a chemical bond in the presence of water.
Here, water act as a reactant that is involved in the reaction process. However, some herbivores, such as cows, koalas, buffalos, and horses, have specialized microbes that help them process cellulose.
Difference Between Dehydration Synthesis and Hydrolysis
These microbes live in the digestive tract and break cellulose down into glucose monomers that can be used by the animal. Wood-chewing termites also break down cellulose with the help of microorganisms that live in their guts.
Image of a bee. The bee's exoskeleton hard outer shell contains chitin, which is made out of modified glucose units that have a nitrogenous functional group attached to them.
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Cellulose is specific to plants, but polysaccharides also play an important structural role in non-plant species. For instance, arthropods such as insects and crustaceans have a hard external skeleton, called the exoskeleton, which protects their softer internal body parts. This exoskeleton is made of the macromolecule chitin, which resembles cellulose but is made out of modified glucose units that bear a nitrogen-containing functional group.
Chitin is also a major component of the cell walls of fungi, which are neither animals nor plants but form a kingdom of their own. These are formed when water is removed from a chemical equation then monomers small molecules bond together. In order to break the bonds, water must be added to the equation.
Difference Between Hydrolysis and Dehydration Synthesis
To further understand this, detailed information regarding the difference between hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis is discussed below. Hydrolysis Hydrolysis means separating with the use of water. In Chemistry, Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction with water, in which a macromolecule is separated into smaller molecules.
On the other hand, in Biology, this process involves water to split polymers into monomers. The bottom line is Hydrolysis occurs when water is added to the equation to break it down or separate it. In our bodies, Hydrolysis is the main process to release energy.