Shogun, Daimyo, and Samurai
Feudal Japan Quiz Emperor: What is your relation to other social classes? The shogun give the land to the daimyo and the daimyo charge the samurai for. emperor, shogun, daimyo, samurai, ronin, peasants, artisans, merchants. daimyo, shogun Q. Believes that peace can be achieved through five relationships. The most powerful positions in society were the Emperor, Shogun, Daimyo and Samurai. Although these 4 positions were the most powerful in Japan at the time, .
He ruled directly over a quarter of the country; the rest was divided among the daimyo or feudal lords. Under the shogun and the daimyo were the samurai military followers or soldiers.
Tokugawa society placed great importance on obedience to authority.
Daimyo | Japanese social class | index-art.info
The individual was controlled by the state, the community and the family. The forced opening of Japan following US Commodore Matthew Perry's arrival in undoubtedly contributed to the collapse of the Tokugawa rule. Firstly, it created socio-economic problems in the country. The speculation in the gold and silver exchange by foreigners after the signing of the treaties upset the domestic price structure. This led to extraordinary fluctuations in the prices of local goods and brought economic hardships to the Japanese people.
The import of cheap foreign products wiped out local cottage industries, causing unemployment and despair. The economic distress resulting from the opening of Japan soon spread throughout the country.
The Japanese were very discontented so they turned to support the anti-bakufu movement. By inviting some of the daimyo to be representatives at the Council of State, the shogun provided a golden opportunity for them to form a political movement against the Tokugawa Shogunate.
The Sonno Joi revere the emperor and expel the foreigners movement was then set up.
It was supported by the peasants, samurai, court nobles and daimyo. In this way, the treaties with the West not only made the downfall of the Shogunate inevitable but speeded up its collapse.
There were anti-foreign outbursts.
Consequently, the two clans realised the importance of military might and began to carry out military reforms. At the same time, they gave up the policy of Joi. This weakening of the shogun's power speeded up the downfall of the Shogunate. As the shogun faced a two- fold challenge from the internal and external forces, he decided to relax the sankin kotai system in order to gain support from the daimyo.
Ever since the 18th century, most of the shoguns were weak and the bakufu was corrupt. Tozama lords were not allowed to serve in the shogunal government. During the Tokugawa period, the government owned all of the territory within a day's march of Edo.
The shogun owned more than a quarter of all cultivated land. He also controlled all major communication routes, sea ports, and the precious metal supplies.
Before an individual could achieve daimyo status feudal warlord he would have to own or control enough land to produce 10, koku of rice. A koku was considered enough rice to feed an individual for a year. Over fifty estates produced more thankoku, and the very largest produced an astonishing 1, koku.
How Samurai Work
However, this still entitled them access to the shogun. The daimyo were controlled by a system of spies.
- DAIMYO, SHOGUNS AND THE BAKUFU (SHOGUNATE)
- Collapse of Tokugawa Shogunate
For the most part they were left alone, but major decisions like the building of roads, forts, and bridges were decided by the shogun. In addition, all marriages had to be approved by the shogun. The Tokugawa government kept tight control over their daiymo. They did this by requiring that the daiymo live in the capital city of Edo part of the year.
DAIMYO, SHOGUNS AND THE BAKUFU (SHOGUNATE) | Facts and Details
The daiymo were expected to maintain a prestigious home in the capital city. The cost of maintaining two homes and staff for each home was very expensive. The shogun also required the daiymo to take specific routes from their estates to the city, at specific times. This was to prevent the smuggling of guns and hostages.