Map of the North Sea - North Sea Map Location, World Seas - World Atlas
International sea traffic uses it to connect between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, thus saving hundreds of miles of additional travel time. Grenen Skagen: The Baltic Sea meets the North Sea - See traveler reviews, candid photos, and great deals for Skagen, Denmark. The Baltic Sea is positioned in Northern Europe and bordered by Sweden (a part of the Scandinavian Peninsula), Finland, Russia, Estonia.
Mid-Atlantic Ridge The MAR divides the Atlantic longitudinally into two halves, in each of which a series of basins are delimited by secondary, transverse ridges. The MAR is a barrier for bottom water, but at these two transform faults deep water currents can pass from one side to the other.
While nine of these have collectively been nominated a World Heritage Site for their geological value, four of them are considered of "Outstanding Universal Value" based on their cultural and natural criteria: Continental shelves in the Atlantic are wide off Newfoundland, southern-most South America, and north-eastern Europe. In the western Atlantic carbonate platforms dominate large areas, for example the Blake Plateau and Bermuda Rise.
North Sea - Map & Details
The Atlantic is surrounded by passive margins except at a few locations where active margins form deep trenches: There are numerous submarine canyons off north-eastern North America, western Europe, and north-western Africa. Back-haul routes are also important in the short-sea shipping though. Despite the short distances which are involved in these trades, fixing back-haul cargoes is becoming important due to the small vessels which are mainly utilized and their lower profitability.
- Baltic Sea - Map & Details
- Baltic Sea
- Atlantic Ocean
In OpenSea, we have noticed high cargo activity in the Baltic sea and Mediterranean including Black Sea with cargoes ranging from as low as about 1, MT, which are loaded in mini bulkers, up to about 25, MT, which are loaded in small handysizes.
While the bigger bulkers usually load major bulk cargoes i. Despite the fact that there are not standard routes, it is generally the case that higher loading export activity is noticed in Black Sea ports and Baltic Sea ports, while UK and Mediterranean West and East Med are mainly discharge regions. Black Sea countries are major exporters of grains, steel products, coal and fertilizers. Novorossiysk and Ukraine e. Steel products are exported usually in shipments of 3, up to 10, MT from Ukraine i.
Odessa, Oktyabrsk, MariupolRussia i. Novorossiysk, Rostov-on-Don and Romania e. Ravenna port and in some fewer cases in West Med.
Steel products may also be exported from Turkish Black Sea i. Eregli port to Greece and other East Med ports. Coal is exported from Russia i. Urea, Ammonium Nitrate, Sulphur and fertilizers are exported out of Ukraine i.
Baltic Sea - Wikipedia
Yuzhny, Kherson and Nikolayev and Russia i. Baltic Sea is active in many different commodities which are traded either in intra-Baltic region or exported into UK and Mediterranean. Grain cargoes are mainly exported out of North France to Egypt, Tunisia, Morocco and Italy with shipments ranging from as low as 3, MT up to handysize quantities.
Coal cargoes are exported mainly out of Latvia Riga Port and Russia i. Kaliningrad as well as Poland i. Gdansk mainly to Netherlands, Belgium and Ireland. Steel products are exported from Russia i. Fertilizers are exported from Russia St. The shallowest part of the Baltic is the continental shelffrom which rise the islands of the Danish archipelago.
The narrow channel of The Sound between Denmark and Sweden restricts ships to drafts up to 41 feet A deepwater channel also extends along most of the Gulf of Finland. The Baltic Sea proper contains a series of basins e. Climate Marked seasonality is the principal feature of the Baltic climate.
The Baltic Sea meets the North Sea - Grenen Skagen
Winters are long and cold, and summers are short and comparatively warm. Variability is another facet of the climate. Mild maritime weather from the North Atlantic sometimes extends to the Baltic. At other times, continental influences are predominant, giving periods of severe cold in winter and warm, dry weather in summer.
Precipitation varies with weather type, averaging 20 to 24 inches about to mm per year. Cloudy weather predominates, and fog is most frequent in spring and early summer. Winds tend to be variable and do not usually reach gale force.
Grenen, Denmark - Where the North Sea meets the Baltic Sea.
Sea breezes commonly occur over coastal regions in summer. Hydrology The Baltic Sea is so nearly landlocked and its outlet so shallow that its waters are remarkably fresh. Its longest rivers, the Vistula and the Oderdrain regions that have a temperate continental climate ; they have low evaporation rates and become swollen by spring snowmelt, thus further reducing the salinity of the Baltic. The highest salinity is recorded in the western Baltic, where it is about 10 parts per thousand at the surface and about 15 parts per thousand near the bottom; the lowest is at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia, where it is less than a third of this amount.
The low salinity and the shallow coastal waters cause pack ice to accumulate at the head of the Gulf of Bothnia and off Finland in most winters; sometimes the ice becomes banked up in pressure ridges that are almost 50 feet 15 metres high. Navigation between Stockholm and Turku and Helsinki in Finland is possible, except in the most severe winters. Along the Polish and German coasts, ports can be closed by ice for several days a year.
In summer the surface waters remain cool, but Arctic temperatures persist at lower depths. The Baltic, sheltered from the strong North Sea tides, is remarkable for the general absence of tidal currents. Although the great influx of river water and surface runoffincluding spring snowmelt, causes an outflow of surface water into the North Sea, a deeper countercurrent of denser salt water flows into the Baltic.
Strong northeasterly winds may cause high waves along the southern shores, resulting in coastal flooding; conversely, southwesterly winds have contributed to the formation of sand dunes along the German and Polish coasts and also cause an accumulation of water in the northern Baltic.
Coastal features The coasts of Sweden and Finland are highly fretted and generally rocky, whereas those of the southern Baltic are flat and rather featureless. Where the crystalline rocks of the ancient rock mass of the Baltic Shield outcrop along the northern coasts, partly obscured by glacial drift and marine deposits, they are often fringed by the low, rocky islands known as a skerry guard.
The rectangular island of Bornholm off southern Sweden was formed from a detached fragment of granite, and its high cliffs were shaped by faulting and shearing of the rock strata. The coastal features of eastern Denmark are the outcome of Pleistocene glaciation and of subsequent changes in sea level.
The east coast of Jutland, north of the Djursland peninsula, is smooth and low-lying.