ARTEMIS - Greek Goddess of Hunting & Wild Animals (Roman Diana)
Learn about the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, Athena. She is one of three virgin goddesses; the other two were Hestia and Artemis. Athena invented the. Greek god, Relationship, Role, Attribute, Roman Counterpart. Zeus Artemis, daugher of Zeus and Leto; sister of Apollo. lunar light, hunting, With the supremacy of Zeus and the other Olympian gods established, Gaea's position is eclipsed. Artemis was the ancient Greek goddess of hunting, the wilderness and wild She was a half-sister of many of the other Olympian gods including Athena, Ares, .
Atalanta, Oeneus and the Meleagrids Artemis pouring a libation, c.
Athena’s Relationship with Other Gods and Goddesses
Artemis saved the infant Atalanta from dying of exposure after her father abandoned her. She sent a female bear to suckle the baby, who was then raised by hunters. In some stories, Artemis later sent a bear to hurt Atalanta because others claimed Atlanta was a superior hunter.
Among other adventures, Atalanta participated in the hunt for the Calydonian Boarwhich Artemis had sent to destroy Calydon because King Oeneus had forgotten her at the harvest sacrifices. In the hunt, Atalanta drew the first blood and was awarded the prize of the skin. She hung it in a sacred grove at Tegea as a dedication to Artemis. Meleager was a hero of Aetolia.
King Oeneus had him gather heroes from all over Greece to hunt the Calydonian Boar. After the death of MeleagerArtemis turned his grieving sisters, the Meleagrids into guineafowl that Artemis loved very much.
She was a virgin huntress, just like Artemis and proud of her maidenhood. One day, she claimed that the body of Artemis was too womanly and she doubted her virginity.
Artemis asked Nemesis for help to avenge her dignity and caused the rape of Aura by Dionysus. Aura became a mad and dangerous killer. When she bore twin sons, she ate one of them while the other one, Iacchuswas saved by Artemis. Iacchus later became an attendant of Demeter and the leader of Eleusinian Mysteries. Polyphonte Polyphonte was a young woman who fled home preferring the idea of a virginal life with Artemis to the conventional life of marriage and children favoured by Aphrodite.
As a punishment Aphrodite cursed her, causing her to have children by a bear. The resulting offspring, Agrius and Oreius, were wild cannibals who incurred the hatred of Zeus. Ultimately the entire family were transformed into birds and more specifically ill portents for mankind.
In the Iliad  she came to blows with Hera, when the divine allies of the Greeks and Trojans engaged each other in conflict. Hera struck Artemis on the ears with her own quiver, causing the arrows to fall out. As Artemis fled crying to Zeus, Leto gathered up the bow and arrows. Artemis played quite a large part in this war. Like her mother and brother, who was widely worshipped at Troy, Artemis took the side of the Trojans. At the Greek's journey to Troy, Artemis becalmed the sea and stopped the journey until an oracle came and said they could win the goddess' heart by sacrificing IphigeniaAgamemnon 's daughter.
Agamemnon once promised the goddess he would sacrifice the dearest thing to him, which was Iphigenia, but broke that promise. Artemis saved Iphigenia because of her bravery.
In some versions of the myth,[ which? Aeneas was helped by Artemis, Leto, and Apollo. Apollo found him wounded by Diomedes and lifted him to heaven. There, the three of them secretly healed him in a great chamber. Brauronia Artemis, the goddess of forests and hills, was worshipped throughout ancient Greece.
She was often depicted in paintings and statues in a forest setting, carrying a bow and arrows and accompanied by a deer. The ancient Spartans used to sacrifice to her as one of their patron goddesses before starting a new military campaign. Athenian festivals in honor of Artemis included ElapheboliaMounikhiaKharisteria, and Brauronia. The festival of Artemis Orthia was observed in Sparta.
Pre-pubescent and adolescent Athenian girls were sent to the sanctuary of Artemis at Brauron to serve the Goddess for one year. Apollo and Artemis teamed up to kill the children of Niobe. Niobe bragged that she had birthed more children than Leto the mother of Apollo and Artemis. The twins then hunted her children and killed them with their bows and arrows. Artemis was worshipped widely in Greece but only as a secondary deity.
Artemis • Facts and Information on Greek Goddess Artemis
Brauronia and the festival of Artemis Orthia. Homer referred to her as a mistress of wild animals. Artemis spent most of her time roaming the forests with her nymphs. She was described as both hunting animals and protecting them. She armed herself with a bow and arrows made by Hephaestus and Cyclops. In art, Artemis is often accompanied by a stag or hunting dog. She is the protector of chastity and a nurturer of the young. Demeter, the sister of Zeus, incorporates many of the aspects of the Great Goddess, while the different functions of Gaea are divided among goddesses.
Under the Olympian Gods, earth and heaven are split eternally. In myth heroes and gods are created to dominate and subjugate the female and natural forces over and over again in various forms, the most common of them being gigantic snakes and serpent monsters.
The chthonic identity of the Great Goddess becomes associated with powers of darkness, chaos, and death that need to be subdued by the Olympian gods.
What had been cyclical with the Great Goddess becomes cut so that instead of being associated with the cycle of life, death, and regeneration, she becomes identified with the negative functions. Metope from the Temple at Selinus c. Pegasus, the winged horse that sprang from the severed neck, is being held by Medusa. Perseus gave the head of Medusa to Athena who mounted it on her breastplate, the gorgoneion. A comparison of one of the large number of representations of the story of Perseus Medusa from Archaic Greek art to the Minoan Snake Goddess illustrates the profound change that occurred with the supremacy of the Olympian Gods.
A striking aspect of the Snake Goddess is her frontality combined with her hypnotic stare. The power of this stare was probably intended to strike the original viewers with intense religious feelings of of terror and awe. This expression transcends categories of good and evil. On the other hand, it was the sight of the "terrible" visage of Medusa that would turn men into stone.
The powerful gaze in the Minoan work becomes entirely negative and demonized and something to be overcome in the figure of Medusa. Perseus, the son of Zeus and the mortal Danae, slays Medusa with his sword, and thus he destroys the terrifying chthonic powers of the female for more on Medusa see the paper by Alicia Le Van.